Synthesis of well-defined graft copolymers by combination of enzymatic polycondensation and "click" chemistry.Biomacromolecules 2010; 11(12):3660-7B
Aliphatic polyesters having pendant azide groups were prepared by enzymatic polycondensation in the presence of lipase from Candida antarctica type B (CAL-B). The grafting reaction to the N(3)-functional polyester was carried out quantitatively at room temperature using copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC, "click" reaction) with monoalkyne-functional poly(ethylene oxide) (alkyne-PEO, M(n) = 750 g/mol). Furthermore, both enzymatic polycondensation and "click" reaction were carried out successfully in sequential one-pot reaction. The graft copolymer was surface-active and self-assembled in water. The graft copolymer had a critical aggregation concentration (cac) of 3 × 10(-2) μM in water determined by surface tension measurements. Above cac, the graft copolymer formed single chains and aggregates having a hydrodynamic radius of ∼75 nm. Furthermore, the surface activity of the polymers at the air-water interface was studied by Langmuir trough measurements. The Langmuir isotherm of the graft polymer showed a pseudoplateau resulting from desorption of PEO chains into the subphase upon compression.