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Rural-to-urban male migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV infection in Chengdu, China: qualitative findings from a mixed-method study.
Work. 2010; 37(4):375-86.WORK

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This paper aimed to assess rural-to-urban male migrant workers' HIV vulnerability and prevention needs in a Chinese context, specifically in the city of Chengdu, capital of the south-western province of Sichuan.

PARTICIPANTS

The primary sample group were 23 male migrant workers recruited from textile factories and construction sites. In addition, a total of 16 key informants (e.g., factory managers, healthcare providers and policy makers) and seven community members participated in the qualitative phase.

METHODS

Qualitative methods included semi-structured interviews with male migrant workers and key informants, focus group discussions with migrant workers and local community members, observation, and review of key policy and programmatic documents related to HIV prevention and/or migrant workers.

RESULTS

Findings highlight migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV for a variety of reasons. Their migrant status rendered them economically marginalised and socially isolated. HIV knowledge was poor and discriminatory attitudes towards infected people commonplace. Perceptions of personal HIV risk were low, even though study participants reportedly engaged in sexual behaviours that placed them at risk of infection.

CONCLUSIONS

A number of interrelated factors contributed to male rural-to-urban migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV infection. Targeted HIV prevention programs for male migrant workers in Chengdu are urgently needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. lilin@unimelb.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21099012

Citation

Li, Lin, et al. "Rural-to-urban Male Migrant Workers' Vulnerability to HIV Infection in Chengdu, China: Qualitative Findings From a Mixed-method Study." Work (Reading, Mass.), vol. 37, no. 4, 2010, pp. 375-86.
Li L, Morrow M, Kermode M. Rural-to-urban male migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV infection in Chengdu, China: qualitative findings from a mixed-method study. Work. 2010;37(4):375-86.
Li, L., Morrow, M., & Kermode, M. (2010). Rural-to-urban male migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV infection in Chengdu, China: qualitative findings from a mixed-method study. Work (Reading, Mass.), 37(4), 375-86. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2010-1091
Li L, Morrow M, Kermode M. Rural-to-urban Male Migrant Workers' Vulnerability to HIV Infection in Chengdu, China: Qualitative Findings From a Mixed-method Study. Work. 2010;37(4):375-86. PubMed PMID: 21099012.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Rural-to-urban male migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV infection in Chengdu, China: qualitative findings from a mixed-method study. AU - Li,Lin, AU - Morrow,Martha, AU - Kermode,Michelle, PY - 2010/11/25/entrez PY - 2010/11/26/pubmed PY - 2011/3/18/medline SP - 375 EP - 86 JF - Work (Reading, Mass.) JO - Work VL - 37 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to assess rural-to-urban male migrant workers' HIV vulnerability and prevention needs in a Chinese context, specifically in the city of Chengdu, capital of the south-western province of Sichuan. PARTICIPANTS: The primary sample group were 23 male migrant workers recruited from textile factories and construction sites. In addition, a total of 16 key informants (e.g., factory managers, healthcare providers and policy makers) and seven community members participated in the qualitative phase. METHODS: Qualitative methods included semi-structured interviews with male migrant workers and key informants, focus group discussions with migrant workers and local community members, observation, and review of key policy and programmatic documents related to HIV prevention and/or migrant workers. RESULTS: Findings highlight migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV for a variety of reasons. Their migrant status rendered them economically marginalised and socially isolated. HIV knowledge was poor and discriminatory attitudes towards infected people commonplace. Perceptions of personal HIV risk were low, even though study participants reportedly engaged in sexual behaviours that placed them at risk of infection. CONCLUSIONS: A number of interrelated factors contributed to male rural-to-urban migrant workers' vulnerability to HIV infection. Targeted HIV prevention programs for male migrant workers in Chengdu are urgently needed. SN - 1875-9270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21099012/Rural_to_urban_male_migrant_workers'_vulnerability_to_HIV_infection_in_Chengdu_China:_qualitative_findings_from_a_mixed_method_study_ L2 - https://content.iospress.com/openurl?genre=article&id=doi:10.3233/WOR-2010-1091 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -