p190RhoGAP mediates protective effects of oxidized phospholipids in the models of ventilator-induced lung injury.Exp Cell Res. 2011 Apr 01; 317(6):859-72.EC
Products resulting from oxidation of cell membrane phospholipid 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (OxPAPC) exhibit potent protective effects against lung endothelial cell (EC) barrier dysfunction caused by pathologically relevant mechanical forces and inflammatory agents. These effects were linked to enhancement of peripheral cytoskeleton and cell adhesion interactions mediated by small GTPase Rac and inhibition of Rho-mediated barrier-disruptive signaling. However, the mechanism of OxPAPC-induced, Rac-dependent Rho downregulation critical for vascular barrier protection remains unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that Rho negative regulator p190RhoGAP is essential for OxPAPC-induced lung barrier protection against ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), and investigated potential mechanism of p190RhoGAP targeting to adherens junctions (AJ) via p120-catenin. OxPAPC induced peripheral translocation of p190RhoGAP, which was abolished by knockdown of Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factors Tiam1 and Vav2. OxPAPC also induced Rac-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation and association of p190RhoGAP with AJ protein p120-catenin. siRNA-induced knockdown of p190RhoGAP attenuated protective effects of OxPAPC against EC barrier compromise induced by thrombin and pathologically relevant cyclic stretch (18% CS). In vivo, p190RhoGAP knockdown significantly attenuated protective effects of OxPAPC against ventilator-induced lung vascular leak, as detected by increased cell count and protein content in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and tissue neutrophil accumulation in the lung. These results demonstrate for the first time a key role of p190RhoGAP for the vascular endothelial barrier protection in VILI.