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A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees.
Clin Psychol Rev. 2011 Apr; 31(3):399-417.CP

Abstract

Despite much research evidence that refugees suffer from elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively few studies have examined the effectiveness of psychological treatments for PTSD in refugees. The field of refugee mental health intervention is dominated by two contrasting approaches, namely trauma-focused therapy and multimodal interventions. This article firstly defines these two approaches, then provides a critical review of 19 research studies that have been undertaken to investigate the efficacy of these treatments. Preliminary research evidence suggests that trauma-focused approaches may have some efficacy in treating PTSD in refugees, but limitations in the methodologies of studies caution against drawing definitive inferences. It is clear that research assessing the treatment of PTSD in refugees is lagging behind that available for other traumatized populations. The review examines important considerations in the treatment of refugees. A theoretical framework is offered that outlines contextual issues, maintaining factors, change mechanisms and the distinctive challenges to traditional trauma-focused treatments posed by the needs of refugees with PTSD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21112681

Citation

Nickerson, Angela, et al. "A Critical Review of Psychological Treatments of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Refugees." Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 31, no. 3, 2011, pp. 399-417.
Nickerson A, Bryant RA, Silove D, et al. A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31(3):399-417.
Nickerson, A., Bryant, R. A., Silove, D., & Steel, Z. (2011). A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(3), 399-417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.10.004
Nickerson A, et al. A Critical Review of Psychological Treatments of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Refugees. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31(3):399-417. PubMed PMID: 21112681.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees. AU - Nickerson,Angela, AU - Bryant,Richard A, AU - Silove,Derrick, AU - Steel,Zachary, Y1 - 2010/11/06/ PY - 2009/12/20/received PY - 2010/10/22/revised PY - 2010/10/29/accepted PY - 2010/11/30/entrez PY - 2010/11/30/pubmed PY - 2011/8/24/medline SP - 399 EP - 417 JF - Clinical psychology review JO - Clin Psychol Rev VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - Despite much research evidence that refugees suffer from elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively few studies have examined the effectiveness of psychological treatments for PTSD in refugees. The field of refugee mental health intervention is dominated by two contrasting approaches, namely trauma-focused therapy and multimodal interventions. This article firstly defines these two approaches, then provides a critical review of 19 research studies that have been undertaken to investigate the efficacy of these treatments. Preliminary research evidence suggests that trauma-focused approaches may have some efficacy in treating PTSD in refugees, but limitations in the methodologies of studies caution against drawing definitive inferences. It is clear that research assessing the treatment of PTSD in refugees is lagging behind that available for other traumatized populations. The review examines important considerations in the treatment of refugees. A theoretical framework is offered that outlines contextual issues, maintaining factors, change mechanisms and the distinctive challenges to traditional trauma-focused treatments posed by the needs of refugees with PTSD. SN - 1873-7811 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21112681/A_critical_review_of_psychological_treatments_of_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in_refugees_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272-7358(10)00170-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -