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Tracking the trajectory of shame, guilt, and pride across the life span.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010 Dec; 99(6):1061-71.JP

Abstract

The authors examined age differences in shame, guilt, and 2 forms of pride (authentic and hubristic) from age 13 years to age 89 years, using cross-sectional data from 2,611 individuals. Shame decreased from adolescence into middle adulthood, reaching a nadir around age 50 years, and then increased in old age. Guilt increased from adolescence into old age, reaching a plateau at about age 70 years. Authentic pride increased from adolescence into old age, whereas hubristic pride decreased from adolescence into middle adulthood, reaching a minimum around age 65 years, and then increased in old age. On average, women reported experiencing more shame and guilt; Blacks reported experiencing less shame and Asians more hubristic pride than other ethnicities. Across the life span, shame and hubristic pride tended to be negatively related to psychological well-being, and shame-free guilt and authentic pride showed positive relations with well-being. Overall, the findings support the maturity principle of personality development and suggest that as people age they become more prone to experiencing psychologically adaptive self-conscious emotions, such as guilt and authentic pride, and less prone to experiencing psychologically maladaptive ones, such as shame and hubristic pride.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. ulrich.orth@unibas.chNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21114354

Citation

Orth, Ulrich, et al. "Tracking the Trajectory of Shame, Guilt, and Pride Across the Life Span." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 99, no. 6, 2010, pp. 1061-71.
Orth U, Robins RW, Soto CJ. Tracking the trajectory of shame, guilt, and pride across the life span. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010;99(6):1061-71.
Orth, U., Robins, R. W., & Soto, C. J. (2010). Tracking the trajectory of shame, guilt, and pride across the life span. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(6), 1061-71. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021342
Orth U, Robins RW, Soto CJ. Tracking the Trajectory of Shame, Guilt, and Pride Across the Life Span. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010;99(6):1061-71. PubMed PMID: 21114354.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tracking the trajectory of shame, guilt, and pride across the life span. AU - Orth,Ulrich, AU - Robins,Richard W, AU - Soto,Christopher J, PY - 2010/12/1/entrez PY - 2010/12/1/pubmed PY - 2011/4/2/medline SP - 1061 EP - 71 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 99 IS - 6 N2 - The authors examined age differences in shame, guilt, and 2 forms of pride (authentic and hubristic) from age 13 years to age 89 years, using cross-sectional data from 2,611 individuals. Shame decreased from adolescence into middle adulthood, reaching a nadir around age 50 years, and then increased in old age. Guilt increased from adolescence into old age, reaching a plateau at about age 70 years. Authentic pride increased from adolescence into old age, whereas hubristic pride decreased from adolescence into middle adulthood, reaching a minimum around age 65 years, and then increased in old age. On average, women reported experiencing more shame and guilt; Blacks reported experiencing less shame and Asians more hubristic pride than other ethnicities. Across the life span, shame and hubristic pride tended to be negatively related to psychological well-being, and shame-free guilt and authentic pride showed positive relations with well-being. Overall, the findings support the maturity principle of personality development and suggest that as people age they become more prone to experiencing psychologically adaptive self-conscious emotions, such as guilt and authentic pride, and less prone to experiencing psychologically maladaptive ones, such as shame and hubristic pride. SN - 1939-1315 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21114354/Tracking_the_trajectory_of_shame_guilt_and_pride_across_the_life_span_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -