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Parental predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption in treatment-seeking overweight children.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011 Feb; 24(1):47-53.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Information on the role of family dietary behaviours is needed to enable the design of effective interventions for treatment of childhood obesity. The present study aimed to analyse differences in consumption and predictors of fruit, berries and vegetables (FBV) between normal-weight and overweight treatment-seeking children and their parents.

METHODS

Fifty-four treatment-seeking overweight and 65 normal-weight 8-year-old children and their parents participated in the present study. Children's and parent's consumption of FBV were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. Availability of vegetables at home meals, child's preference for FBV and parent's control over portion size were determined. Weight and height were measured and the standardised body mass index of each child was calculated. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to investigate the predictors of children's FBV consumption.

RESULTS

Normal-weight children and parents ate FBV more frequently than overweight children. In the multiple linear regression analysis, mother's (β = 0.476, P ≤ 0.001) and father's consumption of FBV (β = 0.347, P = 0.001) and child's preference for eating vegetables (β = 0.259, P = 0.002) were positively associated with the child's consumption of FBV. In overweight children, parent's consumption of FBV was the only predictor of the offspring's consumption of FBV (P = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS

Predictors related to FBV consumption appear to be the similar in normal-weight and treatment-seeking overweight children. The findings obtained in the present study highlight the importance of parental modelling in determining the consumption of FBV in their children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Deaconess Institute of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. marja.vanhala@odl.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21114555

Citation

Vanhala, M L., et al. "Parental Predictors of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Treatment-seeking Overweight Children." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 24, no. 1, 2011, pp. 47-53.
Vanhala ML, Laitinen J, Kaikkonen K, et al. Parental predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption in treatment-seeking overweight children. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011;24(1):47-53.
Vanhala, M. L., Laitinen, J., Kaikkonen, K., Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, S., & Korpelainen, R. (2011). Parental predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption in treatment-seeking overweight children. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 24(1), 47-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2010.01133.x
Vanhala ML, et al. Parental Predictors of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Treatment-seeking Overweight Children. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011;24(1):47-53. PubMed PMID: 21114555.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption in treatment-seeking overweight children. AU - Vanhala,M L, AU - Laitinen,J, AU - Kaikkonen,K, AU - Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi,S, AU - Korpelainen,R, Y1 - 2010/11/29/ PY - 2010/12/1/entrez PY - 2010/12/1/pubmed PY - 2011/2/10/medline SP - 47 EP - 53 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 24 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Information on the role of family dietary behaviours is needed to enable the design of effective interventions for treatment of childhood obesity. The present study aimed to analyse differences in consumption and predictors of fruit, berries and vegetables (FBV) between normal-weight and overweight treatment-seeking children and their parents. METHODS: Fifty-four treatment-seeking overweight and 65 normal-weight 8-year-old children and their parents participated in the present study. Children's and parent's consumption of FBV were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. Availability of vegetables at home meals, child's preference for FBV and parent's control over portion size were determined. Weight and height were measured and the standardised body mass index of each child was calculated. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to investigate the predictors of children's FBV consumption. RESULTS: Normal-weight children and parents ate FBV more frequently than overweight children. In the multiple linear regression analysis, mother's (β = 0.476, P ≤ 0.001) and father's consumption of FBV (β = 0.347, P = 0.001) and child's preference for eating vegetables (β = 0.259, P = 0.002) were positively associated with the child's consumption of FBV. In overweight children, parent's consumption of FBV was the only predictor of the offspring's consumption of FBV (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Predictors related to FBV consumption appear to be the similar in normal-weight and treatment-seeking overweight children. The findings obtained in the present study highlight the importance of parental modelling in determining the consumption of FBV in their children. SN - 1365-277X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21114555/Parental_predictors_of_fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_in_treatment_seeking_overweight_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2010.01133.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -