[Structure and function of ATP7A and ATP7B proteins--Cu-transporting ATPases].Postepy Biochem. 2010; 56(3):317-27.PB
Living organisms have developed refined and geneticaly controlled mechanisms of the copper metabolism and transport. ATP7A and ATP7B proteins play the key role in copper homeostasis in the organism. Both proteins are P-type Cu-transporting ATPases and use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to transfer the copper ions across the cellular membranes. Both proteins are localised in Golgi aparatus and involved in regulation of overall copper status in the body and their function is the export of excess copper from the cells and delivery of copper ions to Cu-dependent enzymes. Moreover in organism Cu-transporting ATPases are involved in absorption of dietary copper, Cu removal with the bile, placental copper transport and its secretion to the milk during lactation. Moreover it is known that Cu-transporting ATPases play a role in generation of anti-cancer drug resistance. Disturbances of ATP7A and ATP7B function caused by mutations lead to severe metabolic diseases Menkes and Wilson diseases, respectively.