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Children's reasoning about the self-presentational consequences of apologies and excuses following rule violations.
Br J Dev Psychol. 2010 Nov; 28(Pt 4):799-815.BJ

Abstract

The accounts given by those who have violated a rule are likely to have important self-presentational consequences, potentially reducing the negative impact of the breach on social evaluations of transgressors. However, little is known about young children's self-presentational reasoning about such accounts. In the present study, a sample of 120 4- to 9-year-olds responded to rule violation stories where the transgressor uses either an apology, an excuse, or no account. Results showed that whereas children rated both account types similarly in terms of their impact on punishment consequences, even the youngest saw apologies as leading to significantly more positive social evaluation than excuses. Correspondingly, children were more likely to identify prosocial motives for apologies than for excuses, and more likely to identify self-protective motives for excuses than for apologies. Explicit references to self-presentational motives when explaining the accounts increased significantly with age, and were more likely following social-conventional rather than moral rule violations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK. robinb@sussex.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21121468

Citation

Banerjee, Robin, et al. "Children's Reasoning About the Self-presentational Consequences of Apologies and Excuses Following Rule Violations." The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 28, no. Pt 4, 2010, pp. 799-815.
Banerjee R, Bennett M, Luke N. Children's reasoning about the self-presentational consequences of apologies and excuses following rule violations. Br J Dev Psychol. 2010;28(Pt 4):799-815.
Banerjee, R., Bennett, M., & Luke, N. (2010). Children's reasoning about the self-presentational consequences of apologies and excuses following rule violations. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28(Pt 4), 799-815.
Banerjee R, Bennett M, Luke N. Children's Reasoning About the Self-presentational Consequences of Apologies and Excuses Following Rule Violations. Br J Dev Psychol. 2010;28(Pt 4):799-815. PubMed PMID: 21121468.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Children's reasoning about the self-presentational consequences of apologies and excuses following rule violations. AU - Banerjee,Robin, AU - Bennett,Mark, AU - Luke,Nikki, PY - 2010/12/3/entrez PY - 2010/12/3/pubmed PY - 2011/1/11/medline SP - 799 EP - 815 JF - The British journal of developmental psychology JO - Br J Dev Psychol VL - 28 IS - Pt 4 N2 - The accounts given by those who have violated a rule are likely to have important self-presentational consequences, potentially reducing the negative impact of the breach on social evaluations of transgressors. However, little is known about young children's self-presentational reasoning about such accounts. In the present study, a sample of 120 4- to 9-year-olds responded to rule violation stories where the transgressor uses either an apology, an excuse, or no account. Results showed that whereas children rated both account types similarly in terms of their impact on punishment consequences, even the youngest saw apologies as leading to significantly more positive social evaluation than excuses. Correspondingly, children were more likely to identify prosocial motives for apologies than for excuses, and more likely to identify self-protective motives for excuses than for apologies. Explicit references to self-presentational motives when explaining the accounts increased significantly with age, and were more likely following social-conventional rather than moral rule violations. SN - 0261-510X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21121468/Children's_reasoning_about_the_self_presentational_consequences_of_apologies_and_excuses_following_rule_violations_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1348/026151009x479475 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -