Degradation of natural organic matter in surface water using vacuum-UV irradiation.J Hazard Mater. 2011 Feb 15; 186(1):240-6.JH
The use of vacuum-UV (VUV) radiation to degrade natural organic matter (NOM) and the main variables affecting the efficiency of this process were investigated using an annular photoreactor. After 180 min of irradiation with VUV, the total organic carbon (TOC) decreased from 4.95 ppm to 0.3 ppm. Also, decadic absorption coefficients of the water at 185 nm and 254 nm decreased from 3.2 cm(-1) to 2.85 cm(-1), and 0.225 cm(-1) to 0 cm(-1), respectively. The reactor operation was kinetically controlled for Reynolds numbers greater than 600, changes of pH between 5 and 9 had little effect, and increases in alkalinity decreased the process efficacy. Additionally, H(2)O(2)/VUV and VUV processes were compared to H(2)O(2)/UV and UV processes, where the formers showed greater effectiveness with complete mineralization of NOM as opposed to partial oxidation with H(2)O(2)/UV, and no mineralization with UV alone. Modeling and analysis of the photon flux and absorption in the reactor showed that 99% of the 185 nm radiation was absorbed by the water in the reactor. In comparison, only 48% of the 254 nm radiation was absorbed by the water. The overall quantum efficiency of the mineralization for VUV was 0.10 for 50% TOC reduction.