Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary sensitivities and ADHD symptoms: thirty-five years of research.

Abstract

Artificial food colors (AFCs) have not been established as the main cause of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but accumulated evidence suggests that a subgroup shows significant symptom improvement when consuming an AFC-free diet and reacts with ADHD-type symptoms on challenge with AFCs. Of children with suspected sensitivities, 65% to 89% reacted when challenged with at least 100 mg of AFC. Oligoantigenic diet studies suggested that some children in addition to being sensitive to AFCs are also sensitive to common nonsalicylate foods (milk, chocolate, soy, eggs, wheat, corn, legumes) as well as salicylate-containing grapes, tomatoes, and orange. Some studies found "cosensitivity" to be more the rule than the exception. Recently, 2 large studies demonstrated behavioral sensitivity to AFCs and benzoate in children both with and without ADHD. A trial elimination diet is appropriate for children who have not responded satisfactorily to conventional treatment or whose parents wish to pursue a dietary investigation.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Foods & Nutrition, Purdue University, 700 State Street (G-46), West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. stevens5@purdue.edu

    , , ,

    Source

    Clinical pediatrics 50:4 2011 Apr pg 279-93

    MeSH

    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Benzoates
    Biomedical Research
    Child
    Food Coloring Agents
    Food Hypersensitivity
    Food Preservatives
    Humans

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21127082

    Citation

    Stevens, Laura J., et al. "Dietary Sensitivities and ADHD Symptoms: Thirty-five Years of Research." Clinical Pediatrics, vol. 50, no. 4, 2011, pp. 279-93.
    Stevens LJ, Kuczek T, Burgess JR, et al. Dietary sensitivities and ADHD symptoms: thirty-five years of research. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2011;50(4):279-93.
    Stevens, L. J., Kuczek, T., Burgess, J. R., Hurt, E., & Arnold, L. E. (2011). Dietary sensitivities and ADHD symptoms: thirty-five years of research. Clinical Pediatrics, 50(4), pp. 279-93. doi:10.1177/0009922810384728.
    Stevens LJ, et al. Dietary Sensitivities and ADHD Symptoms: Thirty-five Years of Research. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2011;50(4):279-93. PubMed PMID: 21127082.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sensitivities and ADHD symptoms: thirty-five years of research. AU - Stevens,Laura J, AU - Kuczek,Thomas, AU - Burgess,John R, AU - Hurt,Elizabeth, AU - Arnold,L Eugene, Y1 - 2010/12/02/ PY - 2010/12/4/entrez PY - 2010/12/4/pubmed PY - 2011/7/27/medline SP - 279 EP - 93 JF - Clinical pediatrics JO - Clin Pediatr (Phila) VL - 50 IS - 4 N2 - Artificial food colors (AFCs) have not been established as the main cause of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but accumulated evidence suggests that a subgroup shows significant symptom improvement when consuming an AFC-free diet and reacts with ADHD-type symptoms on challenge with AFCs. Of children with suspected sensitivities, 65% to 89% reacted when challenged with at least 100 mg of AFC. Oligoantigenic diet studies suggested that some children in addition to being sensitive to AFCs are also sensitive to common nonsalicylate foods (milk, chocolate, soy, eggs, wheat, corn, legumes) as well as salicylate-containing grapes, tomatoes, and orange. Some studies found "cosensitivity" to be more the rule than the exception. Recently, 2 large studies demonstrated behavioral sensitivity to AFCs and benzoate in children both with and without ADHD. A trial elimination diet is appropriate for children who have not responded satisfactorily to conventional treatment or whose parents wish to pursue a dietary investigation. SN - 1938-2707 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21127082/full_citation L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0009922810384728?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -