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The development, evolution, and status of Holland's theory of vocational personalities: Reflections and future directions for counseling psychology.
J Couns Psychol. 2010 Jan; 57(1):11-22.JC

Abstract

This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By constructing measures for operationalizing the theory's constructs, Holland and his colleagues helped ensure that the theory could be implemented in practice on a widespread basis. Empirical data offer considerable support for the existence of Holland's RIASEC types and their ordering among persons and environments. Although Holland's congruence hypotheses have received empirical support, congruence appears to have modest predictive power. Mixed support exists for Holland's hypotheses involving the secondary constructs of differentiation, consistency, and vocational identity. Evidence of the continued impact of Holland's theory on the field of counseling psychology, particularly in the area of interest assessment, can be seen from its frequent implementation in practice and its use by scholars. Ideas for future research and practice using Holland's theory are suggested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Campus Box 4620, Normal, IL 61790-4620, USA. mmnauta@ilstu.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21133557

Citation

Nauta, Margaret M.. "The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology." Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 57, no. 1, 2010, pp. 11-22.
Nauta MM. The development, evolution, and status of Holland's theory of vocational personalities: Reflections and future directions for counseling psychology. J Couns Psychol. 2010;57(1):11-22.
Nauta, M. M. (2010). The development, evolution, and status of Holland's theory of vocational personalities: Reflections and future directions for counseling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57(1), 11-22. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018213
Nauta MM. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology. J Couns Psychol. 2010;57(1):11-22. PubMed PMID: 21133557.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The development, evolution, and status of Holland's theory of vocational personalities: Reflections and future directions for counseling psychology. A1 - Nauta,Margaret M, PY - 2010/12/8/entrez PY - 2010/12/8/pubmed PY - 2011/5/5/medline SP - 11 EP - 22 JF - Journal of counseling psychology JO - J Couns Psychol VL - 57 IS - 1 N2 - This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By constructing measures for operationalizing the theory's constructs, Holland and his colleagues helped ensure that the theory could be implemented in practice on a widespread basis. Empirical data offer considerable support for the existence of Holland's RIASEC types and their ordering among persons and environments. Although Holland's congruence hypotheses have received empirical support, congruence appears to have modest predictive power. Mixed support exists for Holland's hypotheses involving the secondary constructs of differentiation, consistency, and vocational identity. Evidence of the continued impact of Holland's theory on the field of counseling psychology, particularly in the area of interest assessment, can be seen from its frequent implementation in practice and its use by scholars. Ideas for future research and practice using Holland's theory are suggested. SN - 0022-0167 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21133557/The_development_evolution_and_status_of_Holland's_theory_of_vocational_personalities:_Reflections_and_future_directions_for_counseling_psychology_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/cou/57/1/11 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -