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Holland in Iceland revisited: an emic approach to evaluating U.S. vocational interest models.
J Couns Psychol. 2010 Jul; 57(3):361-7.JC

Abstract

An emic approach was used to test the structural validity and applicability of Holland's (1997) RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) model in Iceland. Archival data from the development of the Icelandic Interest Inventory (Einarsdóttir & Rounds, 2007) were used in the present investigation. The data included an indigenous pool of occupations and work-task items representing Iceland's world of work that had been administered to a sample of 597 upper secondary school students. Multidimensional scaling analysis and property vector fitting using Prediger's (1981) work-task dimensions were applied to the item responses to test if the RIASEC model could be identified. The results indicated that a 4-dimensional solution better explains the interest space in Iceland than Holland's 2-dimensional RIASEC representation. The work-task dimension of People-Things and the Sex-Type and Prestige dimensions were located in the 1st and 2nd dimensions of the multidimensional scaling solution, but Data-Ideas, a dimension critical to the RIASEC model, was not. The 3rd and 4th dimensions did not correspond to any dimensions previously detected in structural studies in the United States and seem to be related to specific ecological, cultural, and political forces in Iceland. These results demonstrate the importance of selecting representative indigenous occupations and work tasks when evaluating the RIASEC model. The present study is an example of the next step in a comprehensive cross-cultural research program on vocational interests, an emic investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavık, Iceland. sif@hi.isNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21133585

Citation

Einarsdóttir, Sif, et al. "Holland in Iceland Revisited: an Emic Approach to Evaluating U.S. Vocational Interest Models." Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 57, no. 3, 2010, pp. 361-7.
Einarsdóttir S, Rounds J, Su R. Holland in Iceland revisited: an emic approach to evaluating U.S. vocational interest models. J Couns Psychol. 2010;57(3):361-7.
Einarsdóttir, S., Rounds, J., & Su, R. (2010). Holland in Iceland revisited: an emic approach to evaluating U.S. vocational interest models. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57(3), 361-7. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019685
Einarsdóttir S, Rounds J, Su R. Holland in Iceland Revisited: an Emic Approach to Evaluating U.S. Vocational Interest Models. J Couns Psychol. 2010;57(3):361-7. PubMed PMID: 21133585.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Holland in Iceland revisited: an emic approach to evaluating U.S. vocational interest models. AU - Einarsdóttir,Sif, AU - Rounds,James, AU - Su,Rong, PY - 2010/12/8/entrez PY - 2010/12/8/pubmed PY - 2011/5/5/medline SP - 361 EP - 7 JF - Journal of counseling psychology JO - J Couns Psychol VL - 57 IS - 3 N2 - An emic approach was used to test the structural validity and applicability of Holland's (1997) RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) model in Iceland. Archival data from the development of the Icelandic Interest Inventory (Einarsdóttir & Rounds, 2007) were used in the present investigation. The data included an indigenous pool of occupations and work-task items representing Iceland's world of work that had been administered to a sample of 597 upper secondary school students. Multidimensional scaling analysis and property vector fitting using Prediger's (1981) work-task dimensions were applied to the item responses to test if the RIASEC model could be identified. The results indicated that a 4-dimensional solution better explains the interest space in Iceland than Holland's 2-dimensional RIASEC representation. The work-task dimension of People-Things and the Sex-Type and Prestige dimensions were located in the 1st and 2nd dimensions of the multidimensional scaling solution, but Data-Ideas, a dimension critical to the RIASEC model, was not. The 3rd and 4th dimensions did not correspond to any dimensions previously detected in structural studies in the United States and seem to be related to specific ecological, cultural, and political forces in Iceland. These results demonstrate the importance of selecting representative indigenous occupations and work tasks when evaluating the RIASEC model. The present study is an example of the next step in a comprehensive cross-cultural research program on vocational interests, an emic investigation. SN - 0022-0167 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21133585/Holland_in_Iceland_revisited:_an_emic_approach_to_evaluating_U_S__vocational_interest_models_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/cou/57/3/361 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -