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Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets.
Nutr Clin Pract 2010; 25(6):613-20NC

Abstract

Vegetarians exhibit a wide diversity of dietary practices, often described by what is omitted from their diet. When a vegetarian diet is appropriately planned and includes fortified foods, it can be nutritionally adequate for adults and children and can promote health and lower the risk of major chronic diseases. The nutrients of concern in the diet of vegetarians include vitamin B(12), vitamin D, ω-3 fatty acids, calcium, iron, and zinc. Although a vegetarian diet can meet current recommendations for all of these nutrients, the use of supplements and fortified foods provides a useful shield against deficiency. A vegetarian diet usually provides a low intake of saturated fat and cholesterol and a high intake of dietary fiber and many health-promoting phytochemicals. This is achieved by an increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole-grains, legumes, nuts, and various soy products. As a result of these factors, vegetarians typically have lower body mass index, serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and blood pressure; reduced rates of death from ischemic heart disease; and decreased incidence of hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers than do nonvegetarians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Andrews University, Nutrition and Wellness, Berrien Springs, MI 49104-0210, USA. wcraig@andrews.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21139125

Citation

Craig, Winston John. "Nutrition Concerns and Health Effects of Vegetarian Diets." Nutrition in Clinical Practice : Official Publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 6, 2010, pp. 613-20.
Craig WJ. Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets. Nutr Clin Pract. 2010;25(6):613-20.
Craig, W. J. (2010). Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets. Nutrition in Clinical Practice : Official Publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 25(6), pp. 613-20. doi:10.1177/0884533610385707.
Craig WJ. Nutrition Concerns and Health Effects of Vegetarian Diets. Nutr Clin Pract. 2010;25(6):613-20. PubMed PMID: 21139125.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets. A1 - Craig,Winston John, PY - 2010/12/9/entrez PY - 2010/12/9/pubmed PY - 2011/5/25/medline SP - 613 EP - 20 JF - Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition JO - Nutr Clin Pract VL - 25 IS - 6 N2 - Vegetarians exhibit a wide diversity of dietary practices, often described by what is omitted from their diet. When a vegetarian diet is appropriately planned and includes fortified foods, it can be nutritionally adequate for adults and children and can promote health and lower the risk of major chronic diseases. The nutrients of concern in the diet of vegetarians include vitamin B(12), vitamin D, ω-3 fatty acids, calcium, iron, and zinc. Although a vegetarian diet can meet current recommendations for all of these nutrients, the use of supplements and fortified foods provides a useful shield against deficiency. A vegetarian diet usually provides a low intake of saturated fat and cholesterol and a high intake of dietary fiber and many health-promoting phytochemicals. This is achieved by an increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole-grains, legumes, nuts, and various soy products. As a result of these factors, vegetarians typically have lower body mass index, serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and blood pressure; reduced rates of death from ischemic heart disease; and decreased incidence of hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers than do nonvegetarians. SN - 1941-2452 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21139125/Nutrition_concerns_and_health_effects_of_vegetarian_diets_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1177/0884533610385707 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -