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Acculturation and adjustment among immigrant Chinese parents: mediating role of parenting efficacy.
J Couns Psychol. 2011 Apr; 58(2):183-96.JC

Abstract

This study examined parenting efficacy beliefs as a mediator of the association between acculturation and adjustment. The sample consisted of 177 immigrant Chinese mothers and fathers with early adolescent children in Canada. Acculturation was assessed bidimensionally as Canadian and Chinese orientations. A latent psychological adjustment variable was composed of symptoms of depression, feelings of self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Results showed that relations between Canadian orientation and psychological adjustment were partially mediated by parenting efficacy. As expected, the more parents were oriented toward Canadian culture, the more efficacious they felt in their parenting, which in turn was associated with better psychological adjustment. In contrast, mediation of relations between Chinese orientation and psychological adjustment was not supported, as Chinese orientation was not associated with parenting efficacy and was positively associated with psychological adjustment for mothers only. Similar results were found when the meditational model was extended to evaluate parenting practices as an outcome (i.e., warmth, reasoning, and monitoring). That is, parenting efficacy mediated the relation between higher Canadian orientation and more positive parenting practices, whereas Chinese orientation was unrelated to parenting practices. Invariance testing suggested that the models were similar for mothers and fathers. Results support the theory that higher orientation to Canadian culture may advance feelings of parenting efficacy because parents have the cultural knowledge and skills to feel confident parenting in a new intercultural context. Further, they support the expectation that parenting efficacy beliefs, in turn, are important determinants of psychological adjustment and effective parenting for immigrant parents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P5, Canada. costigan@uvic.caNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21142354

Citation

Costigan, Catherine L., and Céline M. Koryzma. "Acculturation and Adjustment Among Immigrant Chinese Parents: Mediating Role of Parenting Efficacy." Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 58, no. 2, 2011, pp. 183-96.
Costigan CL, Koryzma CM. Acculturation and adjustment among immigrant Chinese parents: mediating role of parenting efficacy. J Couns Psychol. 2011;58(2):183-96.
Costigan, C. L., & Koryzma, C. M. (2011). Acculturation and adjustment among immigrant Chinese parents: mediating role of parenting efficacy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(2), 183-96. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021696
Costigan CL, Koryzma CM. Acculturation and Adjustment Among Immigrant Chinese Parents: Mediating Role of Parenting Efficacy. J Couns Psychol. 2011;58(2):183-96. PubMed PMID: 21142354.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acculturation and adjustment among immigrant Chinese parents: mediating role of parenting efficacy. AU - Costigan,Catherine L, AU - Koryzma,Céline M, PY - 2010/12/15/entrez PY - 2010/12/15/pubmed PY - 2011/8/20/medline SP - 183 EP - 96 JF - Journal of counseling psychology JO - J Couns Psychol VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - This study examined parenting efficacy beliefs as a mediator of the association between acculturation and adjustment. The sample consisted of 177 immigrant Chinese mothers and fathers with early adolescent children in Canada. Acculturation was assessed bidimensionally as Canadian and Chinese orientations. A latent psychological adjustment variable was composed of symptoms of depression, feelings of self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Results showed that relations between Canadian orientation and psychological adjustment were partially mediated by parenting efficacy. As expected, the more parents were oriented toward Canadian culture, the more efficacious they felt in their parenting, which in turn was associated with better psychological adjustment. In contrast, mediation of relations between Chinese orientation and psychological adjustment was not supported, as Chinese orientation was not associated with parenting efficacy and was positively associated with psychological adjustment for mothers only. Similar results were found when the meditational model was extended to evaluate parenting practices as an outcome (i.e., warmth, reasoning, and monitoring). That is, parenting efficacy mediated the relation between higher Canadian orientation and more positive parenting practices, whereas Chinese orientation was unrelated to parenting practices. Invariance testing suggested that the models were similar for mothers and fathers. Results support the theory that higher orientation to Canadian culture may advance feelings of parenting efficacy because parents have the cultural knowledge and skills to feel confident parenting in a new intercultural context. Further, they support the expectation that parenting efficacy beliefs, in turn, are important determinants of psychological adjustment and effective parenting for immigrant parents. SN - 0022-0167 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21142354/Acculturation_and_adjustment_among_immigrant_Chinese_parents:_mediating_role_of_parenting_efficacy_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/cou/58/2/183 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -