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Mortality pattern at a children's emergency ward, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Afr J Med Med Sci. 1990 Jun; 19(2):127-32.AJ

Abstract

A retrospective study of the pattern of paediatric deaths at the children's emergency room (CHER) of the University College Hospital, Ibadan revealed a steady decline from 208 per 1000 admissions in 1978 to 179 per 1000 admissions in 1986. The study, however, showed that one in every five children admitted to the CHER died over the study period 1978, and 1981-1986. Measles has the highest proportionate death rate of 13.1% and it shares the highest fatality rate of 32.6% with tetanus. Gastroenteritis and bronchopneumonia, which were major causes of deaths in the CHER in the early 1970s decline considerably in importance. Also noteworthy is low birth weight which was associated with the least fatality rate among the 10 leading causes of emergency admissions. The age distribution of the children who died shows that the highest proportion was in the age group 1-2 yr. The use of the proportion of deaths of children in the 1-2 yr age group as a more reliable index for assessing the health status of a community is discussed. Also discussed is the preponderance of males over females in emergency admissions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2115728

Citation

Bamgboye, E A., and J B. Familusi. "Mortality Pattern at a Children's Emergency Ward, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria." African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 19, no. 2, 1990, pp. 127-32.
Bamgboye EA, Familusi JB. Mortality pattern at a children's emergency ward, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Med Med Sci. 1990;19(2):127-32.
Bamgboye, E. A., & Familusi, J. B. (1990). Mortality pattern at a children's emergency ward, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 19(2), 127-32.
Bamgboye EA, Familusi JB. Mortality Pattern at a Children's Emergency Ward, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Med Med Sci. 1990;19(2):127-32. PubMed PMID: 2115728.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality pattern at a children's emergency ward, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. AU - Bamgboye,E A, AU - Familusi,J B, PY - 1990/6/1/pubmed PY - 1990/6/1/medline PY - 1990/6/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Causes Of Death KW - Child Mortality--changes KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Health KW - Health Facilities KW - Hospitals KW - Infant Mortality--changes KW - Mortality KW - Nigeria KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Population Dynamics KW - Research Methodology KW - Retrospective Studies KW - Seasonal Variation KW - Sex Factors KW - Studies KW - Western Africa SP - 127 EP - 32 JF - African journal of medicine and medical sciences JO - Afr J Med Med Sci VL - 19 IS - 2 N2 - A retrospective study of the pattern of paediatric deaths at the children's emergency room (CHER) of the University College Hospital, Ibadan revealed a steady decline from 208 per 1000 admissions in 1978 to 179 per 1000 admissions in 1986. The study, however, showed that one in every five children admitted to the CHER died over the study period 1978, and 1981-1986. Measles has the highest proportionate death rate of 13.1% and it shares the highest fatality rate of 32.6% with tetanus. Gastroenteritis and bronchopneumonia, which were major causes of deaths in the CHER in the early 1970s decline considerably in importance. Also noteworthy is low birth weight which was associated with the least fatality rate among the 10 leading causes of emergency admissions. The age distribution of the children who died shows that the highest proportion was in the age group 1-2 yr. The use of the proportion of deaths of children in the 1-2 yr age group as a more reliable index for assessing the health status of a community is discussed. Also discussed is the preponderance of males over females in emergency admissions. SN - 0309-3913 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2115728/Mortality_pattern_at_a_children's_emergency_ward_University_College_Hospital_Ibadan_Nigeria_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -