Characterization of a partial wheat-Thinopyrum intermedium amphiploid and its reaction to fungal diseases of wheat.Hereditas. 2010 Dec; 147(6):304-12.H
Partial amphiploids between wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Thinopyrum species play an important role in the transfer and use of traits from alien species. A wheat-Thinopyrum intermedium partial amphiploid, TAI8335, and its alien parent were characterized by a combination of genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and cytological observations. Evidence from GISH indicated that the donor parent Th. intermedium possessed seven pairs of S, seven J(s) and 21 J chromosomes. Mitotic observation showed that the majority of TAI8335 plants had 56 chromosomes, but a few had 54 to 55, in some cases with two to three additional telochromosomes. The chromosomes in most pollen mother cells of plants with 2n = 56 formed 28 bivalents, averaging 27.12 in 223 cells, suggesting a basic cytological stability. Sequential GISH patterns using genomic Pseudoroegneria spicata and genomic Th. intermedium DNA as probes revealed that TAI8335 had fourteen chromosomes derived from Th. intermedium and its alien genome consisted of one pair of S-, three pairs of J(s) - and one pair of J-genome chromosomes as well as two translocated chromosome pairs, one being a Robertsonian translocation and another an intercalary translocation, both of which involved J and S genome. Two of the telochromosomes in the aneuploid plants originated from the J genome and one from wheat. Disease screening demonstrated this line was highly resistant to leaf rust, stem rust, stripe rust and powdery mildew. This study showed that the partial amphiploid TAI8335 appears to serve as a novel source for the transfer of resistance genes for multiple fungal pathogens to wheat.