Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The medical contribution to assessing allegations of torture in international fact-finding missions.
Forensic Sci Int. 2011 May 20; 208(1-3):143-8.FS

Abstract

International fact-finding missions directed towards the exposure of possible ill-treatment of persons deprived of their liberty have become increasingly common within the framework of international treaties. Such country visits occur with the consent and co-operation of government, provide unfettered access to all places of detention and allow private interviews with detainees. The Committee for the Prevention of Torture of the Council of Europe, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture, and the United Nations Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture all engage in such missions, and make use of a medical professional as part of the investigative team. The medical contribution to fact finding missions assessing ill-treatment of detainees includes an assessment of the conditions of detention, the regime and the medical services. Custody doctors and their records can be a rich source of information about physical ill-treatment. The interview and examination of detainees often occurs in circumstances which are far from ideal. The safety and wellbeing of the detainees, including protection from reprisals, is always paramount. A medical examination may disclose injuries corroborative of specific allegations. More often, a medical history of the effects of ill treatment and the description of resolved transient injuries provides corroboration, and also forms part of assessing the overall credibility of the detainee. Equally important is the consistency of the allegation with other evidence obtained from a wide variety of sources including the inspection of the place of alleged ill-treatment. The evolved working methods draw on the basic principles underlying police criminal investigations and crime scene examinations as well as forensic medicine. A forensic medical expert can be a useful part of the team in such international fact finding missions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Forensic and Legal Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK. d.j.pounder@dundee.ac.uk

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21177053

Citation

Pounder, Derrick J.. "The Medical Contribution to Assessing Allegations of Torture in International Fact-finding Missions." Forensic Science International, vol. 208, no. 1-3, 2011, pp. 143-8.
Pounder DJ. The medical contribution to assessing allegations of torture in international fact-finding missions. Forensic Sci Int. 2011;208(1-3):143-8.
Pounder, D. J. (2011). The medical contribution to assessing allegations of torture in international fact-finding missions. Forensic Science International, 208(1-3), 143-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.11.019
Pounder DJ. The Medical Contribution to Assessing Allegations of Torture in International Fact-finding Missions. Forensic Sci Int. 2011 May 20;208(1-3):143-8. PubMed PMID: 21177053.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The medical contribution to assessing allegations of torture in international fact-finding missions. A1 - Pounder,Derrick J, Y1 - 2010/12/21/ PY - 2010/08/11/received PY - 2010/11/15/revised PY - 2010/11/22/accepted PY - 2010/12/24/entrez PY - 2010/12/24/pubmed PY - 2011/9/29/medline SP - 143 EP - 8 JF - Forensic science international JO - Forensic Sci. Int. VL - 208 IS - 1-3 N2 - International fact-finding missions directed towards the exposure of possible ill-treatment of persons deprived of their liberty have become increasingly common within the framework of international treaties. Such country visits occur with the consent and co-operation of government, provide unfettered access to all places of detention and allow private interviews with detainees. The Committee for the Prevention of Torture of the Council of Europe, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture, and the United Nations Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture all engage in such missions, and make use of a medical professional as part of the investigative team. The medical contribution to fact finding missions assessing ill-treatment of detainees includes an assessment of the conditions of detention, the regime and the medical services. Custody doctors and their records can be a rich source of information about physical ill-treatment. The interview and examination of detainees often occurs in circumstances which are far from ideal. The safety and wellbeing of the detainees, including protection from reprisals, is always paramount. A medical examination may disclose injuries corroborative of specific allegations. More often, a medical history of the effects of ill treatment and the description of resolved transient injuries provides corroboration, and also forms part of assessing the overall credibility of the detainee. Equally important is the consistency of the allegation with other evidence obtained from a wide variety of sources including the inspection of the place of alleged ill-treatment. The evolved working methods draw on the basic principles underlying police criminal investigations and crime scene examinations as well as forensic medicine. A forensic medical expert can be a useful part of the team in such international fact finding missions. SN - 1872-6283 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21177053/The_medical_contribution_to_assessing_allegations_of_torture_in_international_fact_finding_missions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0379-0738(10)00520-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -