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Executive function profile of Chinese boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: different subtypes and comorbidity.
Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2011 Mar; 26(2):120-32.AC

Abstract

This study examined the executive function (EF) profile of Chinese boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using a large sample. Executive function performance within the ADHD subtypes and the effects of comorbidity were also investigated. Five hundred Chinese boys (375 with ADHD and 125 controls) aged 6-15 completed a battery of EF tests. Boys with all types of ADHD performed worse in all of the EF tests than age- and intelligence quotient-matched healthy controls. The boys with the inattention ADHD subtype and the combined subtype showed similar impairments across different EF tasks, whereas the boys with the hyperactive-impulsive ADHD subtype primarily displayed deficits in theory of mind and visual memory. Comorbid oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder had no additional influence on the EF characteristics of the boys with ADHD only, whereas comorbid learning disorder increased the severity of inhibition and shifting impairments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21177762

Citation

Shuai, Lan, et al. "Executive Function Profile of Chinese Boys With Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Different Subtypes and Comorbidity." Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists, vol. 26, no. 2, 2011, pp. 120-32.
Shuai L, Chan RC, Wang Y. Executive function profile of Chinese boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: different subtypes and comorbidity. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2011;26(2):120-32.
Shuai, L., Chan, R. C., & Wang, Y. (2011). Executive function profile of Chinese boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: different subtypes and comorbidity. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists, 26(2), 120-32. https://doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acq101
Shuai L, Chan RC, Wang Y. Executive Function Profile of Chinese Boys With Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Different Subtypes and Comorbidity. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2011;26(2):120-32. PubMed PMID: 21177762.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Executive function profile of Chinese boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: different subtypes and comorbidity. AU - Shuai,Lan, AU - Chan,Raymond C K, AU - Wang,Yufeng, Y1 - 2010/12/22/ PY - 2010/12/24/entrez PY - 2010/12/24/pubmed PY - 2011/6/22/medline SP - 120 EP - 32 JF - Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists JO - Arch Clin Neuropsychol VL - 26 IS - 2 N2 - This study examined the executive function (EF) profile of Chinese boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using a large sample. Executive function performance within the ADHD subtypes and the effects of comorbidity were also investigated. Five hundred Chinese boys (375 with ADHD and 125 controls) aged 6-15 completed a battery of EF tests. Boys with all types of ADHD performed worse in all of the EF tests than age- and intelligence quotient-matched healthy controls. The boys with the inattention ADHD subtype and the combined subtype showed similar impairments across different EF tasks, whereas the boys with the hyperactive-impulsive ADHD subtype primarily displayed deficits in theory of mind and visual memory. Comorbid oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder had no additional influence on the EF characteristics of the boys with ADHD only, whereas comorbid learning disorder increased the severity of inhibition and shifting impairments. SN - 1873-5843 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21177762/Executive_function_profile_of_Chinese_boys_with_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder:_different_subtypes_and_comorbidity_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/acn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/arclin/acq101 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -