Design, synthesis and evaluation of novel tacrine-multialkoxybenzene hybrids as dual inhibitors for cholinesterases and amyloid beta aggregation.Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Jan 15; 19(2):763-70.BM
A new series of tacrine-multialkoxybenzene hybrids (9a-9n) were designed, synthesized and evaluated as dual inhibitors of cholinesterases (ChEs) and self-induced β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation. All the synthesized compounds had high acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibitory activity with IC₅₀ values at the nanomolar range, which were much better than tacrine alone. A Lineweaver-Burk plot and molecular modeling study showed that these hybrids targeted both the catalytic active site (CAS) and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE. Besides, compounds 9a-9f with methylenedioxybenzene moiety showed higher self-induced Aβ aggregation inhibitory activity than a reference compound, curcumin. These compounds could be selected as multi-potent agents for further investigation to treat AD.