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Effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides, individually and in combination, on nutrient digestibility, fecal fermentative metabolite concentrations, and large bowel microbial ecology of healthy adults cats.
J Anim Sci. 2011 May; 89(5):1376-84.JA

Abstract

Short-chain fructooligosaccharides (scFOS) and galactooligosaccharides (GOS) are nondigestible oligosaccharides that result in a prebiotic effect in some animal species; however, the cat has not been well studied in this regard. This experiment evaluated scFOS and GOS supplementation on nutrient digestibility, fermentative end product production, and fecal microbial ecology of cats. Eight healthy adult cats were fed diets containing no prebiotic, 0.5% scFOS, 0.5% GOS, or 0.5% scFOS + 0.5% GOS (scFOS + GOS) in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Apparent total tract CP digestibility was decreased (P < 0.05) when cats were fed a diet containing scFOS + GOS compared with the other treatments. Dry matter, OM, acid hydrolyzed fat, and GE digestibilities were not different (P > 0.05) among treatments. Cats fed scFOS-, GOS-, and scFOS + GOS-supplemented diets had greater (P < 0.05) fecal Bifidobacterium spp. populations compared with cats fed the control diet. Fecal pH was less (P < 0.05) for cats fed the scFOS + GOS-supplemented diet compared with the control. Butyrate (P = 0.05) and valerate (P < 0.05) concentrations were greater when cats consumed the scFOS + GOS diet. Acetate tended (P = 0.10) to be greater when cats were fed the scFOS + GOS diet. Total short-chain fatty acid (P = 0.06) and total branched-chain fatty acid (P = 0.06) concentrations also tended to be greater when cats consumed the scFOS + GOS treatment. Fecal protein catabolites, including ammonia, 4-methylphenol, indole, and biogenic amines, blood lymphocytes, neutrophils, total white blood cell counts, or fecal DM concentration and output did not differ (P > 0.05) among treatments. Low level supplementation of scFOS, GOS, and their combination exert positive effects on select indices of gut health in cats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21216981

Citation

Kanakupt, K, et al. "Effects of Short-chain Fructooligosaccharides and Galactooligosaccharides, Individually and in Combination, On Nutrient Digestibility, Fecal Fermentative Metabolite Concentrations, and Large Bowel Microbial Ecology of Healthy Adults Cats." Journal of Animal Science, vol. 89, no. 5, 2011, pp. 1376-84.
Kanakupt K, Vester Boler BM, Dunsford BR, et al. Effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides, individually and in combination, on nutrient digestibility, fecal fermentative metabolite concentrations, and large bowel microbial ecology of healthy adults cats. J Anim Sci. 2011;89(5):1376-84.
Kanakupt, K., Vester Boler, B. M., Dunsford, B. R., & Fahey, G. C. (2011). Effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides, individually and in combination, on nutrient digestibility, fecal fermentative metabolite concentrations, and large bowel microbial ecology of healthy adults cats. Journal of Animal Science, 89(5), 1376-84. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-3201
Kanakupt K, et al. Effects of Short-chain Fructooligosaccharides and Galactooligosaccharides, Individually and in Combination, On Nutrient Digestibility, Fecal Fermentative Metabolite Concentrations, and Large Bowel Microbial Ecology of Healthy Adults Cats. J Anim Sci. 2011;89(5):1376-84. PubMed PMID: 21216981.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides, individually and in combination, on nutrient digestibility, fecal fermentative metabolite concentrations, and large bowel microbial ecology of healthy adults cats. AU - Kanakupt,K, AU - Vester Boler,B M, AU - Dunsford,B R, AU - Fahey,G C,Jr Y1 - 2011/01/07/ PY - 2011/1/11/entrez PY - 2011/1/11/pubmed PY - 2011/8/23/medline SP - 1376 EP - 84 JF - Journal of animal science JO - J Anim Sci VL - 89 IS - 5 N2 - Short-chain fructooligosaccharides (scFOS) and galactooligosaccharides (GOS) are nondigestible oligosaccharides that result in a prebiotic effect in some animal species; however, the cat has not been well studied in this regard. This experiment evaluated scFOS and GOS supplementation on nutrient digestibility, fermentative end product production, and fecal microbial ecology of cats. Eight healthy adult cats were fed diets containing no prebiotic, 0.5% scFOS, 0.5% GOS, or 0.5% scFOS + 0.5% GOS (scFOS + GOS) in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Apparent total tract CP digestibility was decreased (P < 0.05) when cats were fed a diet containing scFOS + GOS compared with the other treatments. Dry matter, OM, acid hydrolyzed fat, and GE digestibilities were not different (P > 0.05) among treatments. Cats fed scFOS-, GOS-, and scFOS + GOS-supplemented diets had greater (P < 0.05) fecal Bifidobacterium spp. populations compared with cats fed the control diet. Fecal pH was less (P < 0.05) for cats fed the scFOS + GOS-supplemented diet compared with the control. Butyrate (P = 0.05) and valerate (P < 0.05) concentrations were greater when cats consumed the scFOS + GOS diet. Acetate tended (P = 0.10) to be greater when cats were fed the scFOS + GOS diet. Total short-chain fatty acid (P = 0.06) and total branched-chain fatty acid (P = 0.06) concentrations also tended to be greater when cats consumed the scFOS + GOS treatment. Fecal protein catabolites, including ammonia, 4-methylphenol, indole, and biogenic amines, blood lymphocytes, neutrophils, total white blood cell counts, or fecal DM concentration and output did not differ (P > 0.05) among treatments. Low level supplementation of scFOS, GOS, and their combination exert positive effects on select indices of gut health in cats. SN - 1525-3163 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21216981/Effects_of_short_chain_fructooligosaccharides_and_galactooligosaccharides_individually_and_in_combination_on_nutrient_digestibility_fecal_fermentative_metabolite_concentrations_and_large_bowel_microbial_ecology_of_healthy_adults_cats_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-lookup/doi/10.2527/jas.2010-3201 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -