Glutathione peroxidase3 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae protects phospholipids during cadmium-induced oxidative stress.Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2011 May; 99(4):761-71.AV
The present study was undertaken to determine the role of glutathione peroxidase3 (gpx3) in phospholipid protection in cells. Wild-type (WT) cells showed an overall increase in phospholipids upon 50 μM cadmium (Cd)-treatment, whereas an untreated gpx3Δ strain showed a drastic reduction in overall phospholipids which was further reduced with 50 μM Cd. In WT cells, Cd-exposure increased the short chain fatty acids and decreased the unsaturated fatty acids and the magnitude was high in Cd-treated gpx3Δ cells. Purified recombinant gpx3p showed higher activity with phospholipid hydroperoxides than shorter hydroperoxides. An increase in gpx activity was observed in Cd-treated WT cells and no such alteration was observed in gpx3Δ. WT cells treated with Cd showed an increase in MDA over untreated, while untreated gpx3Δ cells themselves showed a higher level of MDA which was further enhanced with Cd-treatment. Iron, zinc and calcium levels were significantly altered in WT and gpx3Δ cells during Cd-treatment.