Occupational postexposure prophylaxis for HIV: The PEPline perspective.Top HIV Med. 2010 Dec; 18(5):174-7.TH
Transmission of HIV through occupational exposure in healthcare personnel is rare. Risk of transmission from an HIV-infected source person is estimated at 0.3% for percutaneous exposures and 0.09% for mucous membrane or nonintact skin exposures, with risk modulated by exposure and source-patient characteristics. Counseling on risk assessment, postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), and baseline and follow-up testing after exposure is provided through PEPline, the National Clinicians' Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Hotline. PEPline receives approximately 900 calls per month, most from treating clinicians. HIV PEP consists of a 28-day course of a basic or an expanded regimen, depending on the severity or volume of exposure and HIV infection characteristics of the source person. An update to the 2005 US Department of Health PEP drug recommendations is expected in 2011. This article summarizes a lecture given by Ronald H. Goldschmidt, MD, at the 13th Annual Ryan White HIV-AIDS Program Clinical Conference held in August 2010 in Washington, DC.