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Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults.
Br J Nutr. 2011 Mar; 105(6):902-10.BJ

Abstract

Diet and physical activity are considered to be major components of a healthy lifestyle. However, few studies have examined in detail the relationships between specific types of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and diet in adults. The objective of the present study was to assess differential relationships between dietary patterns, leisure-time and occupational physical activities and time spent watching television (TV), as an indicator of sedentary behaviour, in middle-aged French subjects. We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from 1359 participants in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study, who completed a detailed physical activity questionnaire and at least six 24 h dietary records. Sex-specific dietary patterns were derived using factor analysis; their relationships with leisure-time and occupational physical activities and TV viewing were assessed using ANCOVA, after adjustment for age, educational level and smoking status. Three dietary patterns were identified in each sex. After adjustment for potential confounders, leisure-time physical activity was positively associated with a 'healthy' food pattern in both men (P for trend < 0·01) and women (P for trend < 0·03) and negatively associated with an 'alcohol/meat' pattern in men (P for trend < 0·01). TV viewing was positively associated with a 'convenience' pattern in men and with a 'alcohol-appetiser' pattern in women. In conclusion, identification of relationships between dietary patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviour can enable identification of different types of lifestyle and should help to target at-risk groups in nutrition prevention programmes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM U557, INRA U1125, CNAM, EA 3200, CRNH IdF, University Paris 13, 93017 Bobigny, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21251337

Citation

Charreire, Hélène, et al. "Associations Between Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity (leisure-time and Occupational) and Television Viewing in Middle-aged French Adults." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 105, no. 6, 2011, pp. 902-10.
Charreire H, Kesse-Guyot E, Bertrais S, et al. Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults. Br J Nutr. 2011;105(6):902-10.
Charreire, H., Kesse-Guyot, E., Bertrais, S., Simon, C., Chaix, B., Weber, C., Touvier, M., Galan, P., Hercberg, S., & Oppert, J. M. (2011). Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults. The British Journal of Nutrition, 105(6), 902-10. https://doi.org/10.1017/S000711451000440X
Charreire H, et al. Associations Between Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity (leisure-time and Occupational) and Television Viewing in Middle-aged French Adults. Br J Nutr. 2011;105(6):902-10. PubMed PMID: 21251337.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults. AU - Charreire,Hélène, AU - Kesse-Guyot,Emmanuelle, AU - Bertrais,Sandrine, AU - Simon,Chantal, AU - Chaix,Basile, AU - Weber,Christiane, AU - Touvier,Mathilde, AU - Galan,Pilar, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Oppert,Jean-Michel, Y1 - 2011/01/21/ PY - 2011/1/22/entrez PY - 2011/1/22/pubmed PY - 2011/5/12/medline SP - 902 EP - 10 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 105 IS - 6 N2 - Diet and physical activity are considered to be major components of a healthy lifestyle. However, few studies have examined in detail the relationships between specific types of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and diet in adults. The objective of the present study was to assess differential relationships between dietary patterns, leisure-time and occupational physical activities and time spent watching television (TV), as an indicator of sedentary behaviour, in middle-aged French subjects. We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from 1359 participants in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study, who completed a detailed physical activity questionnaire and at least six 24 h dietary records. Sex-specific dietary patterns were derived using factor analysis; their relationships with leisure-time and occupational physical activities and TV viewing were assessed using ANCOVA, after adjustment for age, educational level and smoking status. Three dietary patterns were identified in each sex. After adjustment for potential confounders, leisure-time physical activity was positively associated with a 'healthy' food pattern in both men (P for trend < 0·01) and women (P for trend < 0·03) and negatively associated with an 'alcohol/meat' pattern in men (P for trend < 0·01). TV viewing was positively associated with a 'convenience' pattern in men and with a 'alcohol-appetiser' pattern in women. In conclusion, identification of relationships between dietary patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviour can enable identification of different types of lifestyle and should help to target at-risk groups in nutrition prevention programmes. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21251337/Associations_between_dietary_patterns_physical_activity__leisure_time_and_occupational__and_television_viewing_in_middle_aged_French_adults_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000711451000440X/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -