Sensitivity enhancement of fluorescence detection in CE by coupling and conducting excitation light with tapered optical fiber.Electrophoresis. 2011 Jan; 32(2):268-74.E
This paper reports the enhancement of sensitivity of detection for in-column fiber optic-induced fluorescence detection system in CE by tapered optical fiber (TOF). Two types of optical fiber, TOF and conventional cylindrical optical fiber (COF), were employed to construct the CE (TOF-CE and COF-CE) and were compared for sensitivity to riboflavin (RF). The fluorescence intensities from a RF sample with excitation light sources and fibers at various coupling angles were investigated. The fluorescence signal from TOF-CE was ca. ten times that of COF-CE. In addition, the detection performance of four excitation light source-fiber configurations including Laser-TOF, Laser-COF, LED-TOF, and LED-COF were compared. The LODs for RF were 0.21, 0.82, 0.80, and 7.5 nM, respectively, for the four excitation light source-fiber configurations. The results demonstrate that the sensitivity obtained by LED-TOF is close to that of Laser-COF. Both Laser-TOF and LED-TOF can greatly improve the sensitivity of detection in CE. TOF has the major attribute of collecting and focusing the excitation light intensity. Thus, the sensitivity obtained by LED-TOF without focusing lens is just same as that of LED-COF with a focusing lens. This demonstrates that the CE system can be further simplified by eliminating the focusing lens for excitation light. LED-TOF-CE and LED-COF-CE system were applied to the separation and determination of RF in real sample (green tea), respectively. The tapered fiber optic-induced fluorescence detection system in CE is an ideal tool for trace analysis.