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Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and hopelessness in women who are victims of sexual violence.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011 Apr; 113(1):58-62.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and hopelessness in women 1 and 6 months after they experienced sexual violence.

METHODS

This prospective study, in which the clinician-administered PTSD scale, the Beck depression inventory, and the Beck hopelessness scale were used, included 67 women at 1 month and 52 women at 6 months after they experienced sexual violence.

RESULTS

Overall, 77.6% of the women were ≤ 24years of age, and 52% were adolescents; 15% had a history of drug abuse, and 13.5% had a history of previous sexual violence. The aggressor was unknown in 76% of cases, and there was more than 1 aggressor in 9% of cases. In the first month, 43% of the women had moderate or very severe PTSD; 52.2% had moderate or severe depression; and 22.4% had moderate or severe hopelessness, which decreased to 21%, 20% and 10%, respectively, at 6 months. In the first month, severity of PTSD was associated with moderate or severe depression, and at 6 months severity of PTSD was associated with multiple aggressors and previous psychiatric disorders. All scores decreased in the sixth month.

CONCLUSION

Severe mental health disorders were still present 6 months after women had experienced sexual violence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gynecological Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21255779

Citation

Machado, Carolina L., et al. "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Hopelessness in Women Who Are Victims of Sexual Violence." International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, vol. 113, no. 1, 2011, pp. 58-62.
Machado CL, de Azevedo RC, Facuri CO, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and hopelessness in women who are victims of sexual violence. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011;113(1):58-62.
Machado, C. L., de Azevedo, R. C., Facuri, C. O., Vieira, M. J., & Fernandes, A. M. (2011). Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and hopelessness in women who are victims of sexual violence. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 113(1), 58-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.10.016
Machado CL, et al. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Hopelessness in Women Who Are Victims of Sexual Violence. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011;113(1):58-62. PubMed PMID: 21255779.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and hopelessness in women who are victims of sexual violence. AU - Machado,Carolina L, AU - de Azevedo,Renata C S, AU - Facuri,Claudia O, AU - Vieira,Maria-José N, AU - Fernandes,Arlete-Maria S, Y1 - 2011/01/20/ PY - 2010/08/01/received PY - 2010/10/20/revised PY - 2010/12/15/accepted PY - 2011/1/25/entrez PY - 2011/1/25/pubmed PY - 2011/7/9/medline SP - 58 EP - 62 JF - International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics JO - Int J Gynaecol Obstet VL - 113 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and hopelessness in women 1 and 6 months after they experienced sexual violence. METHODS: This prospective study, in which the clinician-administered PTSD scale, the Beck depression inventory, and the Beck hopelessness scale were used, included 67 women at 1 month and 52 women at 6 months after they experienced sexual violence. RESULTS: Overall, 77.6% of the women were ≤ 24years of age, and 52% were adolescents; 15% had a history of drug abuse, and 13.5% had a history of previous sexual violence. The aggressor was unknown in 76% of cases, and there was more than 1 aggressor in 9% of cases. In the first month, 43% of the women had moderate or very severe PTSD; 52.2% had moderate or severe depression; and 22.4% had moderate or severe hopelessness, which decreased to 21%, 20% and 10%, respectively, at 6 months. In the first month, severity of PTSD was associated with moderate or severe depression, and at 6 months severity of PTSD was associated with multiple aggressors and previous psychiatric disorders. All scores decreased in the sixth month. CONCLUSION: Severe mental health disorders were still present 6 months after women had experienced sexual violence. SN - 1879-3479 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21255779/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder_depression_and_hopelessness_in_women_who_are_victims_of_sexual_violence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7292(10)00583-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -