Role of PI3K/Akt in diazoxide preconditioning against rat hippocampal neuronal death in pilocarpine-induced seizures.Brain Res. 2011 Apr 06; 1383:135-40.BR
Diazoxide (DZ), a highly selective opener of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channel, has neuroprotective effects. However, the mechanism of DZ protecting hippocampal neurons against cell death in pilocarpine-induced seizures is unknown. In this study, we investigated DZ attenuating neuronal loss caused by pilocarpine-induced seizures in rat hippocampus. DZ inhibited seizure-induced change in phospho-Akt expression, translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), release of cytochrome c (CytC) and caspase-3 activation, which could be abolished by preincubation with 5-hydroxydecanoic acid, an inhibitor of mitoK(ATP). In addition, wortmannin, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), attenuated the translocation of AIF, CytC release and caspase-3 activation after seizures. DZ could reduce neuronal death induced by seizures in hippocampus by suppressing the translocation of AIF, CytC release and the activation of caspase-3 via the PI3K/Akt pathway.