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TNFR1 delivers pro-survival signals that are required for limiting TNFR2-dependent activation-induced cell death (AICD) in CD8+ T cells.
Eur J Immunol. 2011 Feb; 41(2):335-44.EJ

Abstract

Members of the TNF and TNF receptor (TNFR) superfamily play important roles in the maintenance of homeostasis of the immune system. Furthermore, several members of the TNFR family participate in T-cell activation and sustaining T-cell responses. We have shown that TNFR2 regulates T-cell activation by lowering the activation threshold and providing costimulatory signaling. Furthermore, activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells are highly resistant to activation-induced cell death (AICD). Here, we showed that using anti-TNFR2 antibodies to block TNFR2 on activated WT CD8(+) T cells rendered them resistant to AICD. This resistance of activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells to AICD correlated with the accumulation of TNF receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2). Overexpression of TRAF2 by retroviral transfection and knockdown of TRAF2 by small interfering RNA also support this conclusion. Furthermore, neutralizing TNF-α reduced TRAF2 accumulation in activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells and increased their susceptibility to AICD. AICD-resistant TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells expressed elevated levels of phosphorylated IκBα and higher DNA-binding activity of the p65 NK-κB subunit and neutralization of TNF-α blocked this increase. Therefore, in activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells, TNFR1 functions as a survival receptor by utilizing high intracellular levels of TRAF2 to promote IκBα phosphorylation and NF-κB activation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21268004

Citation

Twu, Yuh-Ching, et al. "TNFR1 Delivers Pro-survival Signals That Are Required for Limiting TNFR2-dependent Activation-induced Cell Death (AICD) in CD8+ T Cells." European Journal of Immunology, vol. 41, no. 2, 2011, pp. 335-44.
Twu YC, Gold MR, Teh HS. TNFR1 delivers pro-survival signals that are required for limiting TNFR2-dependent activation-induced cell death (AICD) in CD8+ T cells. Eur J Immunol. 2011;41(2):335-44.
Twu, Y. C., Gold, M. R., & Teh, H. S. (2011). TNFR1 delivers pro-survival signals that are required for limiting TNFR2-dependent activation-induced cell death (AICD) in CD8+ T cells. European Journal of Immunology, 41(2), 335-44. https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201040639
Twu YC, Gold MR, Teh HS. TNFR1 Delivers Pro-survival Signals That Are Required for Limiting TNFR2-dependent Activation-induced Cell Death (AICD) in CD8+ T Cells. Eur J Immunol. 2011;41(2):335-44. PubMed PMID: 21268004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - TNFR1 delivers pro-survival signals that are required for limiting TNFR2-dependent activation-induced cell death (AICD) in CD8+ T cells. AU - Twu,Yuh-Ching, AU - Gold,Michael R, AU - Teh,Hung-Sia, Y1 - 2010/12/29/ PY - 2010/05/04/received PY - 2010/10/05/revised PY - 2010/11/04/accepted PY - 2011/1/27/entrez PY - 2011/1/27/pubmed PY - 2011/4/6/medline SP - 335 EP - 44 JF - European journal of immunology JO - Eur J Immunol VL - 41 IS - 2 N2 - Members of the TNF and TNF receptor (TNFR) superfamily play important roles in the maintenance of homeostasis of the immune system. Furthermore, several members of the TNFR family participate in T-cell activation and sustaining T-cell responses. We have shown that TNFR2 regulates T-cell activation by lowering the activation threshold and providing costimulatory signaling. Furthermore, activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells are highly resistant to activation-induced cell death (AICD). Here, we showed that using anti-TNFR2 antibodies to block TNFR2 on activated WT CD8(+) T cells rendered them resistant to AICD. This resistance of activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells to AICD correlated with the accumulation of TNF receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2). Overexpression of TRAF2 by retroviral transfection and knockdown of TRAF2 by small interfering RNA also support this conclusion. Furthermore, neutralizing TNF-α reduced TRAF2 accumulation in activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells and increased their susceptibility to AICD. AICD-resistant TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells expressed elevated levels of phosphorylated IκBα and higher DNA-binding activity of the p65 NK-κB subunit and neutralization of TNF-α blocked this increase. Therefore, in activated TNFR2(-/-) CD8(+) T cells, TNFR1 functions as a survival receptor by utilizing high intracellular levels of TRAF2 to promote IκBα phosphorylation and NF-κB activation. SN - 1521-4141 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21268004/TNFR1_delivers_pro_survival_signals_that_are_required_for_limiting_TNFR2_dependent_activation_induced_cell_death__AICD__in_CD8+_T_cells_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201040639 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -