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Evaluation of essential trace and toxic elements in scalp hair samples of smokers and alcohol user hypertensive patients.
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011 Dec; 143(3):1349-66.BT

Abstract

The incidence of hypertension has been associated to cigarette smoking and consumption of alcohol. In the present study, trace and toxic elements were determined in scalp hair of patients diagnosed with hypertension who are smokers and habitual alcohol drinkers living in Dublin, Ireland. These results were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy, nonsmokers, nondrinking controls. The concentrations of trace and toxic elements were measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The validity and accuracy of the methodology were checked using certified reference material (NCS ZC 81002b) and by the conventional wet acid digestion method on the same certified reference material and on real samples. The recovery of all the studied elements was found to be in the range of 97.5%-99.7% in certified reference material. The results of this study showed that the mean values of cadmium, copper, iron, nickel and lead were significantly higher in scalp hair samples of both smoker and nonsmoker hypertensive patients than referents (P < 0.001); whereas, the concentration of zinc was lower in the scalp hair samples of hypertensive patients of both genders. The deficiency of zinc and the high exposure of trace and toxic metals as a result of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption may be synergistic with risk factors associated with hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland. hassanimranafridi@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21286845

Citation

Afridi, Hassan Imran, et al. "Evaluation of Essential Trace and Toxic Elements in Scalp Hair Samples of Smokers and Alcohol User Hypertensive Patients." Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 143, no. 3, 2011, pp. 1349-66.
Afridi HI, Brabazon D, Kazi TG, et al. Evaluation of essential trace and toxic elements in scalp hair samples of smokers and alcohol user hypertensive patients. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;143(3):1349-66.
Afridi, H. I., Brabazon, D., Kazi, T. G., & Naher, S. (2011). Evaluation of essential trace and toxic elements in scalp hair samples of smokers and alcohol user hypertensive patients. Biological Trace Element Research, 143(3), 1349-66. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-011-8984-2
Afridi HI, et al. Evaluation of Essential Trace and Toxic Elements in Scalp Hair Samples of Smokers and Alcohol User Hypertensive Patients. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;143(3):1349-66. PubMed PMID: 21286845.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of essential trace and toxic elements in scalp hair samples of smokers and alcohol user hypertensive patients. AU - Afridi,Hassan Imran, AU - Brabazon,Dermot, AU - Kazi,Tasneem Gul, AU - Naher,Sumsun, Y1 - 2011/02/01/ PY - 2010/12/13/received PY - 2011/01/06/accepted PY - 2011/2/3/entrez PY - 2011/2/3/pubmed PY - 2012/3/17/medline SP - 1349 EP - 66 JF - Biological trace element research JO - Biol Trace Elem Res VL - 143 IS - 3 N2 - The incidence of hypertension has been associated to cigarette smoking and consumption of alcohol. In the present study, trace and toxic elements were determined in scalp hair of patients diagnosed with hypertension who are smokers and habitual alcohol drinkers living in Dublin, Ireland. These results were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy, nonsmokers, nondrinking controls. The concentrations of trace and toxic elements were measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The validity and accuracy of the methodology were checked using certified reference material (NCS ZC 81002b) and by the conventional wet acid digestion method on the same certified reference material and on real samples. The recovery of all the studied elements was found to be in the range of 97.5%-99.7% in certified reference material. The results of this study showed that the mean values of cadmium, copper, iron, nickel and lead were significantly higher in scalp hair samples of both smoker and nonsmoker hypertensive patients than referents (P < 0.001); whereas, the concentration of zinc was lower in the scalp hair samples of hypertensive patients of both genders. The deficiency of zinc and the high exposure of trace and toxic metals as a result of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption may be synergistic with risk factors associated with hypertension. SN - 1559-0720 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21286845/Evaluation_of_essential_trace_and_toxic_elements_in_scalp_hair_samples_of_smokers_and_alcohol_user_hypertensive_patients_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-011-8984-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -