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Influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage among health care personnel in the United States.
Am J Infect Control. 2011 Aug; 39(6):488-94.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Health care personnel (HCP) are at risk for exposure to and possible transmission of vaccine-preventable diseases. Maintenance of immunity is an essential prevention practice for HCP. We assessed the recent influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage among HCP in the United States.

METHODS

We analyzed data from the 2007 National Immunization Survey-Adult restricted to survey respondents aged 18 to 64 years. Influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage levels among HCP were assessed. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to assess factors independently associated with receipt of vaccination among HCP.

RESULTS

Among HCP aged 18 to 64 years, 46.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 39.6%-53.8%) had received influenza vaccination for the 2006-2007 season, and 70.4% (95% CI: 63.9%-76.1%) received tetanus vaccination in the past 10 years; 61.7% (95% CI: 52.5%-70.2%) had received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccination among HCP aged 18 to 49 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that being married was associated with influenza vaccination coverage, higher education level was associated with hepatitis B vaccination coverage, and younger age was significantly associated with tetanus vaccination among HCP. Among those HCP who did not receive influenza vaccination, the most common reason reported was respondent concerns about vaccine safety and adverse effects.

CONCLUSION

By 2007, influenza and hepatitis B vaccination coverage among HCP remained well below the Healthy People 2010 objectives. Tetanus vaccination level was 70%, and this study provided a baseline data for tetanus vaccination among HCP. Innovative strategies are needed to further increase vaccination coverage among HCP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. lhp8@cdc.govNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21288599

Citation

Lu, Peng-Jun, and Gary L. Euler. "Influenza, Hepatitis B, and Tetanus Vaccination Coverage Among Health Care Personnel in the United States." American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 39, no. 6, 2011, pp. 488-94.
Lu PJ, Euler GL. Influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage among health care personnel in the United States. Am J Infect Control. 2011;39(6):488-94.
Lu, P. J., & Euler, G. L. (2011). Influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage among health care personnel in the United States. American Journal of Infection Control, 39(6), 488-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2010.10.009
Lu PJ, Euler GL. Influenza, Hepatitis B, and Tetanus Vaccination Coverage Among Health Care Personnel in the United States. Am J Infect Control. 2011;39(6):488-94. PubMed PMID: 21288599.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage among health care personnel in the United States. AU - Lu,Peng-Jun, AU - Euler,Gary L, Y1 - 2011/02/02/ PY - 2010/07/21/received PY - 2010/10/05/revised PY - 2010/10/06/accepted PY - 2011/2/4/entrez PY - 2011/2/4/pubmed PY - 2011/11/8/medline SP - 488 EP - 94 JF - American journal of infection control JO - Am J Infect Control VL - 39 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Health care personnel (HCP) are at risk for exposure to and possible transmission of vaccine-preventable diseases. Maintenance of immunity is an essential prevention practice for HCP. We assessed the recent influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage among HCP in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007 National Immunization Survey-Adult restricted to survey respondents aged 18 to 64 years. Influenza, hepatitis B, and tetanus vaccination coverage levels among HCP were assessed. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to assess factors independently associated with receipt of vaccination among HCP. RESULTS: Among HCP aged 18 to 64 years, 46.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 39.6%-53.8%) had received influenza vaccination for the 2006-2007 season, and 70.4% (95% CI: 63.9%-76.1%) received tetanus vaccination in the past 10 years; 61.7% (95% CI: 52.5%-70.2%) had received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccination among HCP aged 18 to 49 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that being married was associated with influenza vaccination coverage, higher education level was associated with hepatitis B vaccination coverage, and younger age was significantly associated with tetanus vaccination among HCP. Among those HCP who did not receive influenza vaccination, the most common reason reported was respondent concerns about vaccine safety and adverse effects. CONCLUSION: By 2007, influenza and hepatitis B vaccination coverage among HCP remained well below the Healthy People 2010 objectives. Tetanus vaccination level was 70%, and this study provided a baseline data for tetanus vaccination among HCP. Innovative strategies are needed to further increase vaccination coverage among HCP. SN - 1527-3296 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21288599/Influenza_hepatitis_B_and_tetanus_vaccination_coverage_among_health_care_personnel_in_the_United_States_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0196-6553(10)00944-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -