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Paliperidone ER and oral risperidone in patients with schizophrenia: a comparative database analysis.
BMC Psychiatry. 2011 Feb 07; 11:21.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To compare the efficacy and tolerability of paliperidone extended-release (ER) with risperidone immediate-release using propensity score methodology.

METHODS

Six double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, short-term clinical trials for acute schizophrenia with availability of individual patient-level data were identified (3 per compound). Propensity score pairwise matching was used to balance observed covariates between the paliperidone ER and risperidone patient populations. Scores were generated using logistic regression models, with age, body mass index, race, sex, baseline Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score and baseline Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) score as factors. The dosage range of paliperidone ER (6-12 mg/day) was compared with 2 risperidone dosage ranges: 2-4 and 4-6 mg/day. The primary efficacy measure was change in PANSS total score at week 6 end point. Tolerability end points included adverse event (AE) reports and weight. AEs with rates ≥ 5% and with a ≥ 2% difference between paliperidone ER and risperidone were identified.

RESULTS

Completion rates for placebo-treated subjects in paliperidone ER trials (n = 95) and risperidone trials (n = 122) groups were 36.8% and 51.6%, respectively; end point changes on PANSS total scores were similar (p = 0.768). Completion rates for subjects receiving paliperidone ER 6-12 mg/day (n = 179), risperidone 2-4 mg/day (n = 113) or risperidone 4-6 mg/day (n = 129) were 64.8%, 54.0% and 66.7%, respectively (placebo-adjusted rates: paliperidone ER vs risperidone 2-4 mg/day, p = 0.005; paliperidone ER vs risperidone 4-6 mg/day, p = 0.159). PANSS total score improvement with paliperidone ER was greater than with risperidone 2-4 mg/day (difference in mean change score, -6.7; p < 0.05) and similar to risperidone 4-6 mg/day (0.2; p = 0.927). Placebo-adjusted AEs more common with paliperidone ER were insomnia, sinus tachycardia and tachycardia; more common with risperidone were somnolence, restlessness, nausea, anxiety, salivary hypersecretion, akathisia, dizziness and nasal congestion. Weight changes with paliperidone ER and risperidone were similar (paliperidone ER vs risperidone 2-4 mg/day, p = 0.489; paliperidone ER vs risperidone 4-6 mg/day, p = 0.236).

CONCLUSIONS

This indirect database analysis suggested that paliperidone ER 6-12 mg/day may be more efficacious than risperidone 2-4 mg/day and as efficacious as risperidone 4-6 mg/day. The AE-adjusted incidence rates suggest differences between treatments that may be relevant for individual patients. Additional randomized, direct, head-to-head clinical trials are needed to confirm these findings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, Titusville, New Jersey, USA. iturkoz@its.jnj.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21299844

Citation

Turkoz, Ibrahim, et al. "Paliperidone ER and Oral Risperidone in Patients With Schizophrenia: a Comparative Database Analysis." BMC Psychiatry, vol. 11, 2011, p. 21.
Turkoz I, Bossie CA, Lindenmayer JP, et al. Paliperidone ER and oral risperidone in patients with schizophrenia: a comparative database analysis. BMC Psychiatry. 2011;11:21.
Turkoz, I., Bossie, C. A., Lindenmayer, J. P., Schooler, N., & Canuso, C. M. (2011). Paliperidone ER and oral risperidone in patients with schizophrenia: a comparative database analysis. BMC Psychiatry, 11, 21. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-11-21
Turkoz I, et al. Paliperidone ER and Oral Risperidone in Patients With Schizophrenia: a Comparative Database Analysis. BMC Psychiatry. 2011 Feb 7;11:21. PubMed PMID: 21299844.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Paliperidone ER and oral risperidone in patients with schizophrenia: a comparative database analysis. AU - Turkoz,Ibrahim, AU - Bossie,Cynthia A, AU - Lindenmayer,Jean-Pierre, AU - Schooler,Nina, AU - Canuso,Carla M, Y1 - 2011/02/07/ PY - 2009/11/17/received PY - 2011/02/07/accepted PY - 2011/2/9/entrez PY - 2011/2/9/pubmed PY - 2011/6/2/medline SP - 21 EP - 21 JF - BMC psychiatry JO - BMC Psychiatry VL - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of paliperidone extended-release (ER) with risperidone immediate-release using propensity score methodology. METHODS: Six double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, short-term clinical trials for acute schizophrenia with availability of individual patient-level data were identified (3 per compound). Propensity score pairwise matching was used to balance observed covariates between the paliperidone ER and risperidone patient populations. Scores were generated using logistic regression models, with age, body mass index, race, sex, baseline Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score and baseline Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) score as factors. The dosage range of paliperidone ER (6-12 mg/day) was compared with 2 risperidone dosage ranges: 2-4 and 4-6 mg/day. The primary efficacy measure was change in PANSS total score at week 6 end point. Tolerability end points included adverse event (AE) reports and weight. AEs with rates ≥ 5% and with a ≥ 2% difference between paliperidone ER and risperidone were identified. RESULTS: Completion rates for placebo-treated subjects in paliperidone ER trials (n = 95) and risperidone trials (n = 122) groups were 36.8% and 51.6%, respectively; end point changes on PANSS total scores were similar (p = 0.768). Completion rates for subjects receiving paliperidone ER 6-12 mg/day (n = 179), risperidone 2-4 mg/day (n = 113) or risperidone 4-6 mg/day (n = 129) were 64.8%, 54.0% and 66.7%, respectively (placebo-adjusted rates: paliperidone ER vs risperidone 2-4 mg/day, p = 0.005; paliperidone ER vs risperidone 4-6 mg/day, p = 0.159). PANSS total score improvement with paliperidone ER was greater than with risperidone 2-4 mg/day (difference in mean change score, -6.7; p < 0.05) and similar to risperidone 4-6 mg/day (0.2; p = 0.927). Placebo-adjusted AEs more common with paliperidone ER were insomnia, sinus tachycardia and tachycardia; more common with risperidone were somnolence, restlessness, nausea, anxiety, salivary hypersecretion, akathisia, dizziness and nasal congestion. Weight changes with paliperidone ER and risperidone were similar (paliperidone ER vs risperidone 2-4 mg/day, p = 0.489; paliperidone ER vs risperidone 4-6 mg/day, p = 0.236). CONCLUSIONS: This indirect database analysis suggested that paliperidone ER 6-12 mg/day may be more efficacious than risperidone 2-4 mg/day and as efficacious as risperidone 4-6 mg/day. The AE-adjusted incidence rates suggest differences between treatments that may be relevant for individual patients. Additional randomized, direct, head-to-head clinical trials are needed to confirm these findings. SN - 1471-244X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21299844/Paliperidone_ER_and_oral_risperidone_in_patients_with_schizophrenia:_a_comparative_database_analysis_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -