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Antecedents of team potency and team effectiveness: an examination of goal and process clarity and servant leadership.
Integrating theories of self-regulation with team and leadership literatures, this study investigated goal and process clarity and servant leadership as 3 antecedents of team potency and subsequent team effectiveness, operationalized as team performance and organizational citizenship behavior. Our sample of 304 employees represented 71 teams in 5 banks. Results showed that team-level goal and process clarity as well as team servant leadership served as 3 antecedents of team potency and subsequent team performance and team organizational citizenship behavior. Furthermore, we found that servant leadership moderated the relationships between both goal and process clarity and team potency, such that the positive relationships between both goal and process clarity and team potency were stronger in the presence of servant leadership.
Department of Managerial Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2332 University Hall, MC 243, 601 South Morgan Street, Chicago, IL 60607-7123, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Employee Performance Appraisal
Pub Type(s)Journal Article