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An evidence based review of acute and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive cognitive functions.

Abstract

Cannabis use has been shown to impair cognitive functions on a number of levels-from basic motor coordination to more complex executive function tasks, such as the ability to plan, organize, solve problems, make decisions, remember, and control emotions and behavior. These deficits differ in severity depending on the quantity, recency, age of onset and duration of marijuana use. Understanding how cannabis use impairs executive function is important. Individuals with cannabis-related impairment in executive functions have been found to have trouble learning and applying the skills required for successful recovery, putting them at increased risk for relapse to cannabis use. Here we review the research on the acute, residual, and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive functions, and discuss the implications for treatment.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Committee on the Neurobiology of Addictive Disorders; The Scripps Research Institute; La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

    ,

    Source

    Journal of addiction medicine 5:1 2011 Mar pg 1-8

    MeSH

    Age of Onset
    Cognition Disorders
    Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
    Dronabinol
    Evidence-Based Medicine
    Executive Function
    Follow-Up Studies
    Humans
    Marijuana Abuse
    Marijuana Smoking

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21321675

    Citation

    Crean, Rebecca D., et al. "An Evidence Based Review of Acute and Long-term Effects of Cannabis Use On Executive Cognitive Functions." Journal of Addiction Medicine, vol. 5, no. 1, 2011, pp. 1-8.
    Crean RD, Crane NA, Mason BJ. An evidence based review of acute and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive cognitive functions. J Addict Med. 2011;5(1):1-8.
    Crean, R. D., Crane, N. A., & Mason, B. J. (2011). An evidence based review of acute and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive cognitive functions. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 5(1), pp. 1-8. doi:10.1097/ADM.0b013e31820c23fa.
    Crean RD, Crane NA, Mason BJ. An Evidence Based Review of Acute and Long-term Effects of Cannabis Use On Executive Cognitive Functions. J Addict Med. 2011;5(1):1-8. PubMed PMID: 21321675.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - An evidence based review of acute and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive cognitive functions. AU - Crean,Rebecca D, AU - Crane,Natania A, AU - Mason,Barbara J, PY - 2011/2/16/entrez PY - 2011/2/16/pubmed PY - 2011/9/7/medline KW - cannabis KW - cognition KW - executive functions KW - marijuana KW - treatment SP - 1 EP - 8 JF - Journal of addiction medicine JO - J Addict Med VL - 5 IS - 1 N2 - Cannabis use has been shown to impair cognitive functions on a number of levels-from basic motor coordination to more complex executive function tasks, such as the ability to plan, organize, solve problems, make decisions, remember, and control emotions and behavior. These deficits differ in severity depending on the quantity, recency, age of onset and duration of marijuana use. Understanding how cannabis use impairs executive function is important. Individuals with cannabis-related impairment in executive functions have been found to have trouble learning and applying the skills required for successful recovery, putting them at increased risk for relapse to cannabis use. Here we review the research on the acute, residual, and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive functions, and discuss the implications for treatment. SN - 1932-0620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21321675/An_evidence_based_review_of_acute_and_long_term_effects_of_cannabis_use_on_executive_cognitive_functions_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=21321675 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -