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Factors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption among adults.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011 Apr; 24(2):128-34.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The higher consumption of fruit and vegetables is considered to be an indicator of healthy eating and the protective effects of fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption for noncommunicable diseases have been investigated extensively. The present study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable intake (FVI), health behaviours and socio-demographic factors among adult Canadians.

METHODS

This analysis was based on the information from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 3.1. Daily intake of fruit and vegetables from a total number of 15,512 apparently healthy individuals, aged 18-64 years, were assessed using a structured questionnaire, which included 20 questions on the frequency of consumption of different types of fruit and vegetables. Multiple logistic regression models were used to determine the association between FVI and some socio-economic factors and lifestyle behaviour among adult Canadians.

RESULTS

In total 77% of Canadian adults consumed fruit and vegetables less than five times per day. Females were more likely to consume more fruit [odds ratio (OR) 2.05; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.75-2.4], vegetables (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.65-2.29) and FV (OR 2.52; 95% CI 2.20-2.90) than males. Single/never married individuals, individuals with higher levels of education, never smokers, former drinkers and older people reported more consumption of fruit and vegetables than others.

CONCLUSIONS

The results obtained in the present study indicate an association between FVI and some socio-economic and healthy lifestyle behaviours, and that a substantial gap exists between the recommended level and the actual intake of the FV among the Canadian population. Because a higher intake of FV improves public health, it is imperative to tailor nutrition education at the individual and community levels in Canadian populations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. mahshid.dehghan@phri.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21332835

Citation

Dehghan, M, et al. "Factors Associated With Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Adults." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 24, no. 2, 2011, pp. 128-34.
Dehghan M, Akhtar-Danesh N, Merchant AT. Factors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption among adults. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011;24(2):128-34.
Dehghan, M., Akhtar-Danesh, N., & Merchant, A. T. (2011). Factors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption among adults. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 24(2), 128-34. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2010.01142.x
Dehghan M, Akhtar-Danesh N, Merchant AT. Factors Associated With Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Adults. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011;24(2):128-34. PubMed PMID: 21332835.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption among adults. AU - Dehghan,M, AU - Akhtar-Danesh,N, AU - Merchant,A T, Y1 - 2011/02/21/ PY - 2011/2/22/entrez PY - 2011/2/22/pubmed PY - 2012/2/9/medline SP - 128 EP - 34 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 24 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: The higher consumption of fruit and vegetables is considered to be an indicator of healthy eating and the protective effects of fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption for noncommunicable diseases have been investigated extensively. The present study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable intake (FVI), health behaviours and socio-demographic factors among adult Canadians. METHODS: This analysis was based on the information from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 3.1. Daily intake of fruit and vegetables from a total number of 15,512 apparently healthy individuals, aged 18-64 years, were assessed using a structured questionnaire, which included 20 questions on the frequency of consumption of different types of fruit and vegetables. Multiple logistic regression models were used to determine the association between FVI and some socio-economic factors and lifestyle behaviour among adult Canadians. RESULTS: In total 77% of Canadian adults consumed fruit and vegetables less than five times per day. Females were more likely to consume more fruit [odds ratio (OR) 2.05; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.75-2.4], vegetables (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.65-2.29) and FV (OR 2.52; 95% CI 2.20-2.90) than males. Single/never married individuals, individuals with higher levels of education, never smokers, former drinkers and older people reported more consumption of fruit and vegetables than others. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained in the present study indicate an association between FVI and some socio-economic and healthy lifestyle behaviours, and that a substantial gap exists between the recommended level and the actual intake of the FV among the Canadian population. Because a higher intake of FV improves public health, it is imperative to tailor nutrition education at the individual and community levels in Canadian populations. SN - 1365-277X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21332835/Factors_associated_with_fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_among_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2010.01142.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -