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Killing in combat, mental health symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Iraq war veterans.
J Anxiety Disord. 2011 May; 25(4):563-7.JA

Abstract

This study examined combat and mental health as risk factors of suicidal ideation among 2854 U.S. soldiers returning from deployment in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Data were collected as part of a postdeployment screening program at a large Army medical facility. Overall, 2.8% of soldiers reported suicidal ideation. Postdeployment depression symptoms were associated with suicidal thoughts, while postdeployment PTSD symptoms were associated with current desire for self harm. Postdeployment depression and PTSD symptoms mediated the association between killing in combat and suicidal thinking, while postdeployment PTSD symptoms mediated the association between killing in combat and desire for self harm. These results provide preliminary evidence that suicidal thinking and the desire for self-harm are associated with different mental health predictors, and that the impact of killing on suicidal ideation may be important to consider in the evaluation and care of our newly returning veterans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA. Shira.Maguen@va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21333486

Citation

Maguen, Shira, et al. "Killing in Combat, Mental Health Symptoms, and Suicidal Ideation in Iraq War Veterans." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 25, no. 4, 2011, pp. 563-7.
Maguen S, Luxton DD, Skopp NA, et al. Killing in combat, mental health symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Iraq war veterans. J Anxiety Disord. 2011;25(4):563-7.
Maguen, S., Luxton, D. D., Skopp, N. A., Gahm, G. A., Reger, M. A., Metzler, T. J., & Marmar, C. R. (2011). Killing in combat, mental health symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Iraq war veterans. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25(4), 563-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.01.003
Maguen S, et al. Killing in Combat, Mental Health Symptoms, and Suicidal Ideation in Iraq War Veterans. J Anxiety Disord. 2011;25(4):563-7. PubMed PMID: 21333486.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Killing in combat, mental health symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Iraq war veterans. AU - Maguen,Shira, AU - Luxton,David D, AU - Skopp,Nancy A, AU - Gahm,Gregory A, AU - Reger,Mark A, AU - Metzler,Thomas J, AU - Marmar,Charles R, Y1 - 2011/01/22/ PY - 2010/10/07/received PY - 2011/01/14/revised PY - 2011/01/14/accepted PY - 2011/2/22/entrez PY - 2011/2/22/pubmed PY - 2011/8/16/medline SP - 563 EP - 7 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - This study examined combat and mental health as risk factors of suicidal ideation among 2854 U.S. soldiers returning from deployment in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Data were collected as part of a postdeployment screening program at a large Army medical facility. Overall, 2.8% of soldiers reported suicidal ideation. Postdeployment depression symptoms were associated with suicidal thoughts, while postdeployment PTSD symptoms were associated with current desire for self harm. Postdeployment depression and PTSD symptoms mediated the association between killing in combat and suicidal thinking, while postdeployment PTSD symptoms mediated the association between killing in combat and desire for self harm. These results provide preliminary evidence that suicidal thinking and the desire for self-harm are associated with different mental health predictors, and that the impact of killing on suicidal ideation may be important to consider in the evaluation and care of our newly returning veterans. SN - 1873-7897 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21333486/Killing_in_combat_mental_health_symptoms_and_suicidal_ideation_in_Iraq_war_veterans_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(11)00008-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -