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Effects of α-ketoglutarate on energy status in the intestinal mucosa of weaned piglets chronically challenged with lipopolysaccharide.
Br J Nutr. 2011 Aug; 106(3):357-63.BJ

Abstract

The present study determined whether α-ketoglutarate (AKG) might affect the expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and energy status in the intestinal mucosa of piglets challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). A total of eighteen piglets (weaned at 21 d of age) were allocated to one of three treatments: (1) non-challenged (control); (2) LPS-challenged (LPS); (3) LPS+1 % AKG (LPS+AKG). Piglets in the control and LPS groups were fed a maize- and soyabean meal-based diet, and the LPS+AKG group was fed the basal diet supplemented with 1 % AKG. On days 10, 12, 14 and 16 of the trial, piglets in the LPS and LPS+AKG groups were challenged with LPS (80 μg/kg body weight), whereas piglets in the control group received the same volume of sterile saline. Pigs were euthanised 24 h after the last administration of LPS or saline to obtain intestinal mucosae for biochemical analysis. Compared with the control group, LPS administration decreased (P < 0·05) the oxidation of AKG, oleic acid, glutamine and glucose in enterocytes, decreased concentrations of ATP in the duodenal and jejunal mucosae and decreased adenylate energy charge (AMP:ATP ratio) in the jejunal and ileal mucosae. Additionally, LPS treatment reduced (P < 0·05) mucosal concentrations of phosphorylated AMPK in the jejunum and ileum as well as acetyl-CoA carboxylase in all segments of the small intestine. The adverse effects of LPS were reversed by AKG. Collectively, these results indicate that dietary supplementation with 1 % AKG beneficially modulates the AMPK signalling pathway to improve energy status in the small intestine of LPS-challenged piglets.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, People's Republic of China. houyq777@yahoo.com.cnNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21342606

Citation

Hou, Yongqing, et al. "Effects of Α-ketoglutarate On Energy Status in the Intestinal Mucosa of Weaned Piglets Chronically Challenged With Lipopolysaccharide." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 106, no. 3, 2011, pp. 357-63.
Hou Y, Yao K, Wang L, et al. Effects of α-ketoglutarate on energy status in the intestinal mucosa of weaned piglets chronically challenged with lipopolysaccharide. Br J Nutr. 2011;106(3):357-63.
Hou, Y., Yao, K., Wang, L., Ding, B., Fu, D., Liu, Y., Zhu, H., Liu, J., Li, Y., Kang, P., Yin, Y., & Wu, G. (2011). Effects of α-ketoglutarate on energy status in the intestinal mucosa of weaned piglets chronically challenged with lipopolysaccharide. The British Journal of Nutrition, 106(3), 357-63. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511000249
Hou Y, et al. Effects of Α-ketoglutarate On Energy Status in the Intestinal Mucosa of Weaned Piglets Chronically Challenged With Lipopolysaccharide. Br J Nutr. 2011;106(3):357-63. PubMed PMID: 21342606.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of α-ketoglutarate on energy status in the intestinal mucosa of weaned piglets chronically challenged with lipopolysaccharide. AU - Hou,Yongqing, AU - Yao,Kang, AU - Wang,Lei, AU - Ding,Binying, AU - Fu,Dabo, AU - Liu,Yulan, AU - Zhu,Huiling, AU - Liu,Jian, AU - Li,Yongtang, AU - Kang,Ping, AU - Yin,Yulong, AU - Wu,Guoyao, Y1 - 2011/02/23/ PY - 2011/2/24/entrez PY - 2011/2/24/pubmed PY - 2011/9/20/medline SP - 357 EP - 63 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 106 IS - 3 N2 - The present study determined whether α-ketoglutarate (AKG) might affect the expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and energy status in the intestinal mucosa of piglets challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). A total of eighteen piglets (weaned at 21 d of age) were allocated to one of three treatments: (1) non-challenged (control); (2) LPS-challenged (LPS); (3) LPS+1 % AKG (LPS+AKG). Piglets in the control and LPS groups were fed a maize- and soyabean meal-based diet, and the LPS+AKG group was fed the basal diet supplemented with 1 % AKG. On days 10, 12, 14 and 16 of the trial, piglets in the LPS and LPS+AKG groups were challenged with LPS (80 μg/kg body weight), whereas piglets in the control group received the same volume of sterile saline. Pigs were euthanised 24 h after the last administration of LPS or saline to obtain intestinal mucosae for biochemical analysis. Compared with the control group, LPS administration decreased (P < 0·05) the oxidation of AKG, oleic acid, glutamine and glucose in enterocytes, decreased concentrations of ATP in the duodenal and jejunal mucosae and decreased adenylate energy charge (AMP:ATP ratio) in the jejunal and ileal mucosae. Additionally, LPS treatment reduced (P < 0·05) mucosal concentrations of phosphorylated AMPK in the jejunum and ileum as well as acetyl-CoA carboxylase in all segments of the small intestine. The adverse effects of LPS were reversed by AKG. Collectively, these results indicate that dietary supplementation with 1 % AKG beneficially modulates the AMPK signalling pathway to improve energy status in the small intestine of LPS-challenged piglets. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21342606/Effects_of_α_ketoglutarate_on_energy_status_in_the_intestinal_mucosa_of_weaned_piglets_chronically_challenged_with_lipopolysaccharide_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114511000249/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -