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An adapted Chinese version of neck pain and disability scale: validity and reliability.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Sep 15; 36(20):E1322-7.S

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN

This is a validation study to evaluate validity and reliability of a translated and culturally adapted Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPAD).

OBJECTIVE

To conduct a cross-cultural adaptation and check the validity and reliability of a Chinese version of NPAD.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA

Neck pain and its associated disability are very common musculoskeletal problems. NPAD is a reliable evaluation instrument for neck pain and disability, but there is no availability of a published Chinese version.

METHODS

NPAD was translated into Chinese. To examine the psychometric properties and clinical application of the adapted Chinese NPAD, a survey was conducted in a group of 106 patients. The factor structure of NPAD was analyzed and subscales were defined. Reliability assessment was determined by calculating internal consistency and test-retest repeatability. Validity was decided by comparing the Chinese version of SF-36 to NPAD and conducting subscales comparisons to single SF-36 domains.

RESULTS

Factor analyses demonstrated four subscales for NPAD: "pain," "disability," "neck-specific function," and "emotional and cognitive influences." The internal consistency for "pain," "disability," "neck-specific function," and "emotional and cognitive influences" subscales was 0.935, 0.952, 0.955, and 0.910, respectively. Test-retest reliability was also acceptable for the whole scale (r = 0.813, P < 0.001), as well as for each of the four subscales. Construct validity was established through comparison with SF-36. All the subscales were significantly correlated with the SF-36 domains, except the items associated with Mental Health and Emotional Role.

CONCLUSION

The authors report the validation of a Chinese version of NPAD for use in China, which is culturally relevant, reliable, repeatable, and psychometrically sound.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Orthopedic Department, Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21358467

Citation

Chen, Ziqiang, et al. "An Adapted Chinese Version of Neck Pain and Disability Scale: Validity and Reliability." Spine, vol. 36, no. 20, 2011, pp. E1322-7.
Chen Z, Zhao Y, Wang C, et al. An adapted Chinese version of neck pain and disability scale: validity and reliability. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36(20):E1322-7.
Chen, Z., Zhao, Y., Wang, C., Li, M., & Zhu, X. (2011). An adapted Chinese version of neck pain and disability scale: validity and reliability. Spine, 36(20), E1322-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e318209990b
Chen Z, et al. An Adapted Chinese Version of Neck Pain and Disability Scale: Validity and Reliability. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Sep 15;36(20):E1322-7. PubMed PMID: 21358467.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An adapted Chinese version of neck pain and disability scale: validity and reliability. AU - Chen,Ziqiang, AU - Zhao,Yingchuan, AU - Wang,ChuanFeng, AU - Li,Ming, AU - Zhu,Xiaodong, PY - 2011/3/2/entrez PY - 2011/3/2/pubmed PY - 2012/6/14/medline SP - E1322 EP - 7 JF - Spine JO - Spine (Phila Pa 1976) VL - 36 IS - 20 N2 - STUDY DESIGN: This is a validation study to evaluate validity and reliability of a translated and culturally adapted Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPAD). OBJECTIVE: To conduct a cross-cultural adaptation and check the validity and reliability of a Chinese version of NPAD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neck pain and its associated disability are very common musculoskeletal problems. NPAD is a reliable evaluation instrument for neck pain and disability, but there is no availability of a published Chinese version. METHODS: NPAD was translated into Chinese. To examine the psychometric properties and clinical application of the adapted Chinese NPAD, a survey was conducted in a group of 106 patients. The factor structure of NPAD was analyzed and subscales were defined. Reliability assessment was determined by calculating internal consistency and test-retest repeatability. Validity was decided by comparing the Chinese version of SF-36 to NPAD and conducting subscales comparisons to single SF-36 domains. RESULTS: Factor analyses demonstrated four subscales for NPAD: "pain," "disability," "neck-specific function," and "emotional and cognitive influences." The internal consistency for "pain," "disability," "neck-specific function," and "emotional and cognitive influences" subscales was 0.935, 0.952, 0.955, and 0.910, respectively. Test-retest reliability was also acceptable for the whole scale (r = 0.813, P < 0.001), as well as for each of the four subscales. Construct validity was established through comparison with SF-36. All the subscales were significantly correlated with the SF-36 domains, except the items associated with Mental Health and Emotional Role. CONCLUSION: The authors report the validation of a Chinese version of NPAD for use in China, which is culturally relevant, reliable, repeatable, and psychometrically sound. SN - 1528-1159 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21358467/An_adapted_Chinese_version_of_neck_pain_and_disability_scale:_validity_and_reliability_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e318209990b DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -