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Different gain/loss sensitivity and social adaptation ability in gifted adolescents during a public goods game.
PLoS One. 2011 Feb 16; 6(2):e17044.Plos

Abstract

Gifted adolescents are considered to have high IQs with advanced mathematical and logical performances, but are often thought to suffer from social isolation or emotional mal-adaptation to the social group. The underlying mechanisms that cause stereotypic portrayals of gifted adolescents are not well known. We aimed to investigate behavioral performance of gifted adolescents during social decision-making tasks to assess their affective and social/non-social cognitive abilities. We examined cooperation behaviors of 22 gifted and 26 average adolescents during an iterative binary public goods (PG) game, a multi-player social interaction game, and analyzed strategic decision processes that include cooperation and free-riding. We found that the gifted adolescents were more cooperative than average adolescents. Particularly, comparing the strategies for the PG game between the two groups, gifted adolescents were less sensitive to loss, yet were more sensitive to gain. Additionally, the behavioral characteristics of average adolescents, such as low trust of the group and herding behavior, were not found in gifted adolescents. These results imply that gifted adolescents have a high cognitive ability but a low ability to process affective information or to adapt in social groups compared with average adolescents. We conclude that gain/loss sensitivity and the ability to adapt in social groups develop to different degrees in average and gifted adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Bio and Brain Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21359224

Citation

Chung, Dongil, et al. "Different Gain/loss Sensitivity and Social Adaptation Ability in Gifted Adolescents During a Public Goods Game." PloS One, vol. 6, no. 2, 2011, pp. e17044.
Chung D, Yun K, Kim JH, et al. Different gain/loss sensitivity and social adaptation ability in gifted adolescents during a public goods game. PLoS One. 2011;6(2):e17044.
Chung, D., Yun, K., Kim, J. H., Jang, B., & Jeong, J. (2011). Different gain/loss sensitivity and social adaptation ability in gifted adolescents during a public goods game. PloS One, 6(2), e17044. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017044
Chung D, et al. Different Gain/loss Sensitivity and Social Adaptation Ability in Gifted Adolescents During a Public Goods Game. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 16;6(2):e17044. PubMed PMID: 21359224.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Different gain/loss sensitivity and social adaptation ability in gifted adolescents during a public goods game. AU - Chung,Dongil, AU - Yun,Kyongsik, AU - Kim,Jin Ho, AU - Jang,Bosun, AU - Jeong,Jaeseung, Y1 - 2011/02/16/ PY - 2010/10/31/received PY - 2011/01/14/accepted PY - 2011/3/2/entrez PY - 2011/3/2/pubmed PY - 2011/9/2/medline SP - e17044 EP - e17044 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 6 IS - 2 N2 - Gifted adolescents are considered to have high IQs with advanced mathematical and logical performances, but are often thought to suffer from social isolation or emotional mal-adaptation to the social group. The underlying mechanisms that cause stereotypic portrayals of gifted adolescents are not well known. We aimed to investigate behavioral performance of gifted adolescents during social decision-making tasks to assess their affective and social/non-social cognitive abilities. We examined cooperation behaviors of 22 gifted and 26 average adolescents during an iterative binary public goods (PG) game, a multi-player social interaction game, and analyzed strategic decision processes that include cooperation and free-riding. We found that the gifted adolescents were more cooperative than average adolescents. Particularly, comparing the strategies for the PG game between the two groups, gifted adolescents were less sensitive to loss, yet were more sensitive to gain. Additionally, the behavioral characteristics of average adolescents, such as low trust of the group and herding behavior, were not found in gifted adolescents. These results imply that gifted adolescents have a high cognitive ability but a low ability to process affective information or to adapt in social groups compared with average adolescents. We conclude that gain/loss sensitivity and the ability to adapt in social groups develop to different degrees in average and gifted adolescents. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21359224/Different_gain/loss_sensitivity_and_social_adaptation_ability_in_gifted_adolescents_during_a_public_goods_game_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017044 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -