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Moxibustion treatment restoring the intestinal epithelium barrier in rats with Crohn's disease by down-regulating tumor necrosis factor alpha, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2.
Chin J Integr Med. 2011 Mar; 17(3):212-7.CJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate whether moxibustion regulates tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), and TNFR2 in the intestinal mucosa and to explore whether moxibustion could be used by means of this mechanism, to repair the intestinal epithelium barrier disruption in Crohn's disease (CD).

METHODS

The CD rat models were established by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBs), randomly divided into a model control (MC) group, an herb-partition moxibustion (HPM) group, a mild-warm moxibustion (MWM) group, and a salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP) group, and all were compared with a normal control (NC) group. The HPM and MWM groups were treated by moxibustion at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (RN6) for 14 days, and the SASP group obtained the SASP solution orally for the same period of time. The intestinal epithelium morphology and TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 contents were observed by the transmission electron microscopy and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS

The severity of morphological changes in CD intestinal epithelium was obviously improved, and the levels of TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 in the intestinal mucosa all significantly decreased in the HPM and MWM groups. However, there were no significant differences between the HPM and MWM groups.

CONCLUSION

The moxibustion therapies (HPM and MWM) could reduce intestinal inflammation and restore intestinal epithelium barrier disruption in CD, which might be due to down-regulating TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 in intestinal mucosa and improving intestinal epithelium morphology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Shanghai Institute of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Meridians, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 200030, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21359923

Citation

Shi, Yin, et al. "Moxibustion Treatment Restoring the Intestinal Epithelium Barrier in Rats With Crohn's Disease By Down-regulating Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha, Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 1, and Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 2." Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 17, no. 3, 2011, pp. 212-7.
Shi Y, Zhou EH, Wu HG, et al. Moxibustion treatment restoring the intestinal epithelium barrier in rats with Crohn's disease by down-regulating tumor necrosis factor alpha, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2. Chin J Integr Med. 2011;17(3):212-7.
Shi, Y., Zhou, E. H., Wu, H. G., Zhou, C. L., Wang, Q. Y., & Qi, L. (2011). Moxibustion treatment restoring the intestinal epithelium barrier in rats with Crohn's disease by down-regulating tumor necrosis factor alpha, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, 17(3), 212-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11655-011-0669-3
Shi Y, et al. Moxibustion Treatment Restoring the Intestinal Epithelium Barrier in Rats With Crohn's Disease By Down-regulating Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha, Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 1, and Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 2. Chin J Integr Med. 2011;17(3):212-7. PubMed PMID: 21359923.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Moxibustion treatment restoring the intestinal epithelium barrier in rats with Crohn's disease by down-regulating tumor necrosis factor alpha, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2. AU - Shi,Yin, AU - Zhou,En-Hua, AU - Wu,Huan-Gan, AU - Zhou,Ci-Li, AU - Wang,Qian-Yao, AU - Qi,Li, Y1 - 2011/02/27/ PY - 2009/06/03/received PY - 2011/3/2/entrez PY - 2011/3/2/pubmed PY - 2011/6/15/medline SP - 212 EP - 7 JF - Chinese journal of integrative medicine JO - Chin J Integr Med VL - 17 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether moxibustion regulates tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), and TNFR2 in the intestinal mucosa and to explore whether moxibustion could be used by means of this mechanism, to repair the intestinal epithelium barrier disruption in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: The CD rat models were established by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBs), randomly divided into a model control (MC) group, an herb-partition moxibustion (HPM) group, a mild-warm moxibustion (MWM) group, and a salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP) group, and all were compared with a normal control (NC) group. The HPM and MWM groups were treated by moxibustion at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (RN6) for 14 days, and the SASP group obtained the SASP solution orally for the same period of time. The intestinal epithelium morphology and TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 contents were observed by the transmission electron microscopy and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The severity of morphological changes in CD intestinal epithelium was obviously improved, and the levels of TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 in the intestinal mucosa all significantly decreased in the HPM and MWM groups. However, there were no significant differences between the HPM and MWM groups. CONCLUSION: The moxibustion therapies (HPM and MWM) could reduce intestinal inflammation and restore intestinal epithelium barrier disruption in CD, which might be due to down-regulating TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 in intestinal mucosa and improving intestinal epithelium morphology. SN - 1672-0415 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21359923/Moxibustion_treatment_restoring_the_intestinal_epithelium_barrier_in_rats_with_Crohn's_disease_by_down_regulating_tumor_necrosis_factor_alpha_tumor_necrosis_factor_receptor_1_and_tumor_necrosis_factor_receptor_2_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-011-0669-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -