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Obesity and body fat distribution: ethnic differences and the role of socio-economic status.
Obes Facts. 2011; 4(1):53-60.OF

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study investigates differences in overweight and body fat distribution between Turkish and Moroccan migrants and the ethnic Dutch population, and the contribution of socio-economic status to their higher obesity prevalence.

METHODS

Data were collected as part of a general health survey, in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2004). From 1,285 adults information on physical and psychological health, lifestyle and demographic background was obtained through health interviews. In a physical examination body height and weight as well as waist and hip circumference were measured.

RESULTS

Overweight was more common among Turkish migrants and Moroccan migrant women as compared to their Dutch counterparts. Obesity prevalence rates were more than twice as high among Turkish (39.6%) and Moroccan (39.1%) women than among Dutch women (16.5%). Controlling for level of education and unemployment attenuated ethnic differences in overweight. Abdominal obesity was more common among Turkish and Moroccan than among Dutch women. After controlling for BMI, migrant men had a relatively low waist circumference compared to Dutch men.

CONCLUSION

Overweight is relatively common among Turkish and Moroccan migrants, especially women. Education and employment are relevant in explaining ethnic differences in overweight. Compared to Dutch men, migrant men seem to have a more favourable fat distribution with less abdominal fat.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Public Health Service Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. jujcic@ggd.amsterdam.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21372611

Citation

Ujcic-Voortman, Joanne K., et al. "Obesity and Body Fat Distribution: Ethnic Differences and the Role of Socio-economic Status." Obesity Facts, vol. 4, no. 1, 2011, pp. 53-60.
Ujcic-Voortman JK, Bos G, Baan CA, et al. Obesity and body fat distribution: ethnic differences and the role of socio-economic status. Obes Facts. 2011;4(1):53-60.
Ujcic-Voortman, J. K., Bos, G., Baan, C. A., Verhoeff, A. P., & Seidell, J. C. (2011). Obesity and body fat distribution: ethnic differences and the role of socio-economic status. Obesity Facts, 4(1), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.1159/000324555
Ujcic-Voortman JK, et al. Obesity and Body Fat Distribution: Ethnic Differences and the Role of Socio-economic Status. Obes Facts. 2011;4(1):53-60. PubMed PMID: 21372611.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity and body fat distribution: ethnic differences and the role of socio-economic status. AU - Ujcic-Voortman,Joanne K, AU - Bos,Griët, AU - Baan,Caroline A, AU - Verhoeff,Arnoud P, AU - Seidell,Jacob C, Y1 - 2011/02/16/ PY - 2011/3/5/entrez PY - 2011/3/5/pubmed PY - 2011/4/19/medline SP - 53 EP - 60 JF - Obesity facts JO - Obes Facts VL - 4 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study investigates differences in overweight and body fat distribution between Turkish and Moroccan migrants and the ethnic Dutch population, and the contribution of socio-economic status to their higher obesity prevalence. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a general health survey, in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2004). From 1,285 adults information on physical and psychological health, lifestyle and demographic background was obtained through health interviews. In a physical examination body height and weight as well as waist and hip circumference were measured. RESULTS: Overweight was more common among Turkish migrants and Moroccan migrant women as compared to their Dutch counterparts. Obesity prevalence rates were more than twice as high among Turkish (39.6%) and Moroccan (39.1%) women than among Dutch women (16.5%). Controlling for level of education and unemployment attenuated ethnic differences in overweight. Abdominal obesity was more common among Turkish and Moroccan than among Dutch women. After controlling for BMI, migrant men had a relatively low waist circumference compared to Dutch men. CONCLUSION: Overweight is relatively common among Turkish and Moroccan migrants, especially women. Education and employment are relevant in explaining ethnic differences in overweight. Compared to Dutch men, migrant men seem to have a more favourable fat distribution with less abdominal fat. SN - 1662-4033 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21372611/Obesity_and_body_fat_distribution:_ethnic_differences_and_the_role_of_socio_economic_status_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000324555 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -