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Anthocyanin composition of black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze.
J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Apr 13; 59(7):3385-90.JA

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the pigment composition of black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze. Cyanidin 3-xylosyl(glucosyl)galactosides acylated with sinapic acid, ferulic acid, and coumaric acid were detected as major anthocyanins by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and with electrospray ionization multiple mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS(n)) analyses. The preparative isolation of these pigments was carried out by means of high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC). The color activity concept was applied to the isolated anthocyanins at three pH values. Cyanidin 3-xylosyl(sinapoylglucosyl)galactoside was found to exhibit a lower visual detection threshold and a higher pH stability than cyanidin 3-xylosyl(feruloylglucosyl)galactoside and cyanidin 3-xylosyl(coumaroylglucosyl)galactoside. The color parameters of the fresh roots of the four cultivars were described by the CIELab coordinates L* (lightness), C* (chroma), and h(ab) (hue angles). Total phenolics varied among the cultivars and ranged from 17.9 to 97.9 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100 g fresh weight (fw). For the content of monomeric anthocyanins, values between 1.5 and 17.7 mg/100 g fw were determined.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Food Chemistry, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Schleinitzstrasse 20, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21381748

Citation

Montilla, Elyana Cuevas, et al. "Anthocyanin Composition of Black Carrot (Daucus Carota Ssp. Sativus Var. Atrorubens Alef.) Cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 59, no. 7, 2011, pp. 3385-90.
Montilla EC, Arzaba MR, Hillebrand S, et al. Anthocyanin composition of black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59(7):3385-90.
Montilla, E. C., Arzaba, M. R., Hillebrand, S., & Winterhalter, P. (2011). Anthocyanin composition of black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59(7), 3385-90. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf104724k
Montilla EC, et al. Anthocyanin Composition of Black Carrot (Daucus Carota Ssp. Sativus Var. Atrorubens Alef.) Cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Apr 13;59(7):3385-90. PubMed PMID: 21381748.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anthocyanin composition of black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze. AU - Montilla,Elyana Cuevas, AU - Arzaba,Miriam Rodriguez, AU - Hillebrand,Silke, AU - Winterhalter,Peter, Y1 - 2011/03/07/ PY - 2011/3/9/entrez PY - 2011/3/9/pubmed PY - 2011/8/19/medline SP - 3385 EP - 90 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 59 IS - 7 N2 - This study aimed to identify the pigment composition of black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) cultivars Antonina, Beta Sweet, Deep Purple, and Purple Haze. Cyanidin 3-xylosyl(glucosyl)galactosides acylated with sinapic acid, ferulic acid, and coumaric acid were detected as major anthocyanins by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and with electrospray ionization multiple mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS(n)) analyses. The preparative isolation of these pigments was carried out by means of high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC). The color activity concept was applied to the isolated anthocyanins at three pH values. Cyanidin 3-xylosyl(sinapoylglucosyl)galactoside was found to exhibit a lower visual detection threshold and a higher pH stability than cyanidin 3-xylosyl(feruloylglucosyl)galactoside and cyanidin 3-xylosyl(coumaroylglucosyl)galactoside. The color parameters of the fresh roots of the four cultivars were described by the CIELab coordinates L* (lightness), C* (chroma), and h(ab) (hue angles). Total phenolics varied among the cultivars and ranged from 17.9 to 97.9 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100 g fresh weight (fw). For the content of monomeric anthocyanins, values between 1.5 and 17.7 mg/100 g fw were determined. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21381748/Anthocyanin_composition_of_black_carrot__Daucus_carota_ssp__sativus_var__atrorubens_Alef___cultivars_Antonina_Beta_Sweet_Deep_Purple_and_Purple_Haze_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf104724k DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -