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When prevention promotes creativity: the role of mood, regulatory focus, and regulatory closure.
J Pers Soc Psychol 2011; 100(5):794-809JP

Abstract

Promotion-focused states generally boost creativity because they associate with enhanced activation and cognitive flexibility. With regard to prevention-focused states, research evidence is less consistent, with some findings suggesting prevention-focused states promote creativity and other findings pointing to no or even negative effects. We proposed and tested the hypothesis that whether prevention-focused states boost creativity depends on regulatory closure (whether a goal is fulfilled or not). We predicted that prevention-focused states that activate the individual (unfulfilled prevention goals, fear) would lead to similar levels of creativity as promotion-focused states but that prevention-focused states that deactivate (closed prevention goals, relief) would lead to lower levels of creativity. Moreover, we predicted that this effect would be mediated by feelings of activation. Predictions were tested in 3 studies on creative insights and 1 on original ideation. Results supported predictions. Implications for self-regulation, motivation, mood, and creativity are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. m.baas@uva.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21381857

Citation

Baas, Matthijs, et al. "When Prevention Promotes Creativity: the Role of Mood, Regulatory Focus, and Regulatory Closure." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 100, no. 5, 2011, pp. 794-809.
Baas M, De Dreu CK, Nijstad BA. When prevention promotes creativity: the role of mood, regulatory focus, and regulatory closure. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011;100(5):794-809.
Baas, M., De Dreu, C. K., & Nijstad, B. A. (2011). When prevention promotes creativity: the role of mood, regulatory focus, and regulatory closure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(5), pp. 794-809. doi:10.1037/a0022981.
Baas M, De Dreu CK, Nijstad BA. When Prevention Promotes Creativity: the Role of Mood, Regulatory Focus, and Regulatory Closure. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011;100(5):794-809. PubMed PMID: 21381857.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - When prevention promotes creativity: the role of mood, regulatory focus, and regulatory closure. AU - Baas,Matthijs, AU - De Dreu,Carsten K W, AU - Nijstad,Bernard A, PY - 2011/3/9/entrez PY - 2011/3/9/pubmed PY - 2011/9/10/medline SP - 794 EP - 809 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 100 IS - 5 N2 - Promotion-focused states generally boost creativity because they associate with enhanced activation and cognitive flexibility. With regard to prevention-focused states, research evidence is less consistent, with some findings suggesting prevention-focused states promote creativity and other findings pointing to no or even negative effects. We proposed and tested the hypothesis that whether prevention-focused states boost creativity depends on regulatory closure (whether a goal is fulfilled or not). We predicted that prevention-focused states that activate the individual (unfulfilled prevention goals, fear) would lead to similar levels of creativity as promotion-focused states but that prevention-focused states that deactivate (closed prevention goals, relief) would lead to lower levels of creativity. Moreover, we predicted that this effect would be mediated by feelings of activation. Predictions were tested in 3 studies on creative insights and 1 on original ideation. Results supported predictions. Implications for self-regulation, motivation, mood, and creativity are discussed. SN - 1939-1315 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21381857/When_prevention_promotes_creativity:_the_role_of_mood_regulatory_focus_and_regulatory_closure_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/100/5/794 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -