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Is food insecurity related to overweight and obesity in children and adolescents? A summary of studies, 1995-2009.
Obes Rev 2011; 12(5):e73-83OR

Abstract

In the USA, several nutrition-related issues confront the normal growth, maturation and development of children and adolescents including obesity and food insecurity. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the concept of food insecurity and a summary of studies that have examined the association between food insecurity and overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. Besides the initial case report, we review 21 studies (16 cross-sectional and five prospective studies) that have been published on this topic as of December 2009. As there is limited literature in this area, we review studies that sample children and adolescents in the USA. The results are mixed with positive, negative and null associations. The reasons for the mixed results are difficult to disentangle. Among earlier studies, small samples hampered definitive conclusions. More recent studies with larger samples have overcome these limitations and tend to find no associations between these constructs. Nonetheless, all of the studies to date have shown that food insecurity and overweight co-exist - that is, even though there may not be statistically significant differences in overweight between food-insecure and food-secure children, the prevalence of overweight remains relatively high in food-insecure children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Kinesiology and Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. jce@msu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21382151

Citation

Eisenmann, J C., et al. "Is Food Insecurity Related to Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents? a Summary of Studies, 1995-2009." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 12, no. 5, 2011, pp. e73-83.
Eisenmann JC, Gundersen C, Lohman BJ, et al. Is food insecurity related to overweight and obesity in children and adolescents? A summary of studies, 1995-2009. Obes Rev. 2011;12(5):e73-83.
Eisenmann, J. C., Gundersen, C., Lohman, B. J., Garasky, S., & Stewart, S. D. (2011). Is food insecurity related to overweight and obesity in children and adolescents? A summary of studies, 1995-2009. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 12(5), pp. e73-83. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00820.x.
Eisenmann JC, et al. Is Food Insecurity Related to Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents? a Summary of Studies, 1995-2009. Obes Rev. 2011;12(5):e73-83. PubMed PMID: 21382151.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Is food insecurity related to overweight and obesity in children and adolescents? A summary of studies, 1995-2009. AU - Eisenmann,J C, AU - Gundersen,C, AU - Lohman,B J, AU - Garasky,S, AU - Stewart,S D, Y1 - 2011/03/08/ PY - 2011/3/9/entrez PY - 2011/3/9/pubmed PY - 2011/5/13/medline SP - e73 EP - 83 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 12 IS - 5 N2 - In the USA, several nutrition-related issues confront the normal growth, maturation and development of children and adolescents including obesity and food insecurity. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the concept of food insecurity and a summary of studies that have examined the association between food insecurity and overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. Besides the initial case report, we review 21 studies (16 cross-sectional and five prospective studies) that have been published on this topic as of December 2009. As there is limited literature in this area, we review studies that sample children and adolescents in the USA. The results are mixed with positive, negative and null associations. The reasons for the mixed results are difficult to disentangle. Among earlier studies, small samples hampered definitive conclusions. More recent studies with larger samples have overcome these limitations and tend to find no associations between these constructs. Nonetheless, all of the studies to date have shown that food insecurity and overweight co-exist - that is, even though there may not be statistically significant differences in overweight between food-insecure and food-secure children, the prevalence of overweight remains relatively high in food-insecure children. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21382151/Is_food_insecurity_related_to_overweight_and_obesity_in_children_and_adolescents_A_summary_of_studies_1995_2009_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00820.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -