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The smoker's health project: a self-determination theory intervention to facilitate maintenance of tobacco abstinence.
Contemp Clin Trials. 2011 Jul; 32(4):535-43.CC

Abstract

A previous randomized clinical trial based on self-determination theory (SDT) and consistent with the Public Health Service (PHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence demonstrated that an intensive intervention could change autonomous self-regulation and perceived competence, which in part facilitated long-term tobacco abstinence. The current article describes a pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial of three SDT-based intensive tobacco-dependence interventions. Eligible participants are randomized to one of the three treatment conditions designed to facilitate long-term maintenance of tobacco abstinence, namely, Community Care (CC), which includes the 6 month SDT-based intervention previously shown to promote autonomous self-regulation, perceived competence, medication use, and tobacco abstinence; Extended Need Support (ENS), which extends the 6 month SDT-based intervention to 12 months and trains an important other to provide support for smokers' basic psychological needs; and Harm Reduction (HR), which provides extended need support and recommends medication use for participants who do not want to stop smoking completely within 30 days but who are willing to reduce their cigarette use by half. The primary outcome is 12 month prolonged abstinence from tobacco, which is assessed one year following termination of treatment (two years post-randomization). Secondary outcomes include 7- and 30 day point prevalence tobacco abstinence, number of days using smoking-cessation medication, change in autonomous self-regulation and perceived competence, and perceived need support from important others.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Rochester, Healthy Living Center, Center for Community Health, Rochester, NY 14607, USA. Geoffrey_Williams@URMC.Rochester.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21382516

Citation

Williams, Geoffrey C., et al. "The Smoker's Health Project: a Self-determination Theory Intervention to Facilitate Maintenance of Tobacco Abstinence." Contemporary Clinical Trials, vol. 32, no. 4, 2011, pp. 535-43.
Williams GC, Patrick H, Niemiec CP, et al. The smoker's health project: a self-determination theory intervention to facilitate maintenance of tobacco abstinence. Contemp Clin Trials. 2011;32(4):535-43.
Williams, G. C., Patrick, H., Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Lavigne, H. M. (2011). The smoker's health project: a self-determination theory intervention to facilitate maintenance of tobacco abstinence. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 32(4), 535-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2011.03.002
Williams GC, et al. The Smoker's Health Project: a Self-determination Theory Intervention to Facilitate Maintenance of Tobacco Abstinence. Contemp Clin Trials. 2011;32(4):535-43. PubMed PMID: 21382516.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The smoker's health project: a self-determination theory intervention to facilitate maintenance of tobacco abstinence. AU - Williams,Geoffrey C, AU - Patrick,Heather, AU - Niemiec,Christopher P, AU - Ryan,Richard M, AU - Deci,Edward L, AU - Lavigne,Holly McGregor, Y1 - 2011/03/05/ PY - 2010/12/08/received PY - 2011/02/22/revised PY - 2011/03/01/accepted PY - 2011/3/9/entrez PY - 2011/3/9/pubmed PY - 2011/11/9/medline SP - 535 EP - 43 JF - Contemporary clinical trials JO - Contemp Clin Trials VL - 32 IS - 4 N2 - A previous randomized clinical trial based on self-determination theory (SDT) and consistent with the Public Health Service (PHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence demonstrated that an intensive intervention could change autonomous self-regulation and perceived competence, which in part facilitated long-term tobacco abstinence. The current article describes a pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial of three SDT-based intensive tobacco-dependence interventions. Eligible participants are randomized to one of the three treatment conditions designed to facilitate long-term maintenance of tobacco abstinence, namely, Community Care (CC), which includes the 6 month SDT-based intervention previously shown to promote autonomous self-regulation, perceived competence, medication use, and tobacco abstinence; Extended Need Support (ENS), which extends the 6 month SDT-based intervention to 12 months and trains an important other to provide support for smokers' basic psychological needs; and Harm Reduction (HR), which provides extended need support and recommends medication use for participants who do not want to stop smoking completely within 30 days but who are willing to reduce their cigarette use by half. The primary outcome is 12 month prolonged abstinence from tobacco, which is assessed one year following termination of treatment (two years post-randomization). Secondary outcomes include 7- and 30 day point prevalence tobacco abstinence, number of days using smoking-cessation medication, change in autonomous self-regulation and perceived competence, and perceived need support from important others. SN - 1559-2030 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21382516/The_smoker's_health_project:_a_self_determination_theory_intervention_to_facilitate_maintenance_of_tobacco_abstinence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1551-7144(11)00048-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -