Control of resistance training intensity by the OMNI perceived exertion scale.J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Jul; 25(7):1879-88.JS
The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale as a means of controlling resistance training intensity and establishing the relationship between the RPE value, load, and mechanical power (MP) produced during the bench press. Eleven men (22.1 ± 1.0 years) were evaluated on 8 separate days with 48 hours of rest between sessions. After determining the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) value, each subject underwent 7 tests until achieving muscular failure with the following percentage ranges: 30-40, >40-50, >50-60, >60-70, >70-80, >80-90, and >90%. A rotary encoder and the OMNI-RES (0-10) scale were used to estimate the power and to determine the perception of effort (RPE) expressed after each repetition of each set. The RPE produced from the start to the end of each set was related to the percentage of the load and the variability of the MP measured. Additionally, except for the >90% range, significant differences (p < 0.05) between the initial RPE (RPE I) and the average RPE of the first 3 repetitions (RPE 1_3 rep) with respect to the RPE produced with a 10% reduction in MP were identified for all the ranges. These relationships demonstrate the utility of RPE for controlling resistance training intensity.