[Optimization of the neuroautonomic inhibition and regulation of hemodynamics during subarachnoid anesthesia in abdominal delivery].Anesteziol Reanimatol. 2010 Nov-DecAR
Pregnancy is considered in the spotlight of creation of general adaptation syndrome. It was revealed that 85% and 58% of healthy non-pregnant women had an inadequate autonomous nervous system (ANS) and circulatory system response respectively. This favoured the labour activity malfunction in 20% of women in childbirth when an abdominal delivery was needed. A traditional subarachnoid anesthesia (SA) in control group was accompanied by decrease of blood pressure (BP) to the numbers requiring a medicamentous correction (as by literature data). However, the central haemodynamics measures has shown a normal blood flow and the blood pressure correction was not performed. During surgery and in early post-operative period in all women in this group a parasympathetic tone has prevailed over, and the cardiac output was at the lower limit of the hypokinetic type of haemodynamics, which was accompanied with nausea and vomiting in 30% of women. Including the atropine administration into the traditional protocol of SA in cesarean section in pregnant patients with eu- and parasympathotonia (research group) has favoured the optimization of the neurovegetative inhibition of reflexes and stabilization of haemodynamics within the physiological ranges. Vagosympathetic block has been accompanied by sympathotonia with a lesser BP decrease compared to control group, absence of bradycardia, nausea and vomiting. Thus the BP can not serve as a criterion of the perfusion of essential organs, including uteroplacental haemodynamics, especially non-invasibe BP. Including the control of ANS tone dynamics, central haemodynamics and oxygen transport into monitoring guidelines in neuroaxial anaesthesia in abdominal delivery is necessary.