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Sexual orientation, partnership formation, and substance use in the transition to adulthood.
J Youth Adolesc. 2012 Feb; 41(2):167-78.JY

Abstract

Evidence suggests that lesbian and gay young adults use substances more frequently than their heterosexual peers. Based on the life course perspective, we argue that this difference may be due to the unavailability of marriage as a turning point in the lives of lesbian/gay young adults. We use data from a nationally representative sample of youth (N = 13,581, 52.4% female, 68.6% white, ages 18-26) to examine sexual orientation differences in substance use and explore whether these differences vary by romantic partnership formation in young adulthood. We find that the formation of more serious partnerships (e.g., cohabitation, marriage) is associated with less frequent substance use among heterosexual young adults, though this pattern does not hold for lesbian and gay young adults. We conclude that the partnership options available to lesbians and gay men do not provide the same health-protective benefits that marriage does for heterosexuals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sociology and Social Work, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Heritage Hall 460-S, 1401 University Blvd., Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. elaustin@uab.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21409412

Citation

Austin, Erika Laine, and Robert Bozick. "Sexual Orientation, Partnership Formation, and Substance Use in the Transition to Adulthood." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 41, no. 2, 2012, pp. 167-78.
Austin EL, Bozick R. Sexual orientation, partnership formation, and substance use in the transition to adulthood. J Youth Adolesc. 2012;41(2):167-78.
Austin, E. L., & Bozick, R. (2012). Sexual orientation, partnership formation, and substance use in the transition to adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41(2), 167-78. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-011-9653-7
Austin EL, Bozick R. Sexual Orientation, Partnership Formation, and Substance Use in the Transition to Adulthood. J Youth Adolesc. 2012;41(2):167-78. PubMed PMID: 21409412.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sexual orientation, partnership formation, and substance use in the transition to adulthood. AU - Austin,Erika Laine, AU - Bozick,Robert, Y1 - 2011/03/16/ PY - 2011/01/22/received PY - 2011/03/07/accepted PY - 2011/3/17/entrez PY - 2011/3/17/pubmed PY - 2012/5/15/medline SP - 167 EP - 78 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 41 IS - 2 N2 - Evidence suggests that lesbian and gay young adults use substances more frequently than their heterosexual peers. Based on the life course perspective, we argue that this difference may be due to the unavailability of marriage as a turning point in the lives of lesbian/gay young adults. We use data from a nationally representative sample of youth (N = 13,581, 52.4% female, 68.6% white, ages 18-26) to examine sexual orientation differences in substance use and explore whether these differences vary by romantic partnership formation in young adulthood. We find that the formation of more serious partnerships (e.g., cohabitation, marriage) is associated with less frequent substance use among heterosexual young adults, though this pattern does not hold for lesbian and gay young adults. We conclude that the partnership options available to lesbians and gay men do not provide the same health-protective benefits that marriage does for heterosexuals. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21409412/Sexual_orientation_partnership_formation_and_substance_use_in_the_transition_to_adulthood_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-011-9653-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -