Serum bilirubin links UGT1A1*28 polymorphism and predicts long-term cardiovascular events and mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients.Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Mar; 6(3):567-74.CJ
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Bilirubin is a protective factor with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, but its association with clinical outcomes of hemodialysis patients is unknown. Bilirubin degradation is mainly determined by the activity of hepatic bilirubin uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1), which is significantly influenced by a TA-repeat polymorphism in the gene's promoter, an allele designated UGT1A1*28. The study aimed to clarify the association between serum bilirubin and UGT1A1*28 polymorphism and their respective effect on outcomes of chronic hemodialysis patients.
DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS
The cohort study comprised 661 chronic hemodialysis patients who were prospectively followed for 12 years. The endpoints were cardiovascular events (CVEs) and all-cause mortality.
After adjustment for traditional and dialysis-related risk factors, individuals with bilirubin in the upper tertile had an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.32 for CVEs and 0.48 for all-cause mortality compared with those in the lower tertile. Individuals homozygous for UGT1A1*28 (genotype 7/7) had significantly higher bilirubin levels than those with 6/6 and 7/6 genotypes. In the same multivariable-adjusted model, individuals with 7/7 had approximately one tenth the risk for CVEs and one fourth the risk for all-cause mortality as compared with carriers of the 6 allele.
A graded, reverse association was noted between serum bilirubin and adverse outcomes among chronic hemodialysis patients. Moreover, the UGT1A1*28 polymorphism had strong effects on bilirubin levels and the 7/7 genotype might have an important effect on reducing CVEs and death.