Similarities and differences between intraductal papillary tumors of the bile duct with and without macroscopically visible mucin secretion.Am J Surg Pathol. 2011 Apr; 35(4):512-21.AJ
Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNB) have been recently proposed as the biliary counterpart of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN-P). However, in contrast to IPMN-P, IPNB include a considerable number of the tumors without macroscopically visible mucin secretion. Here we report the similarities and differences between IPNB with and without macroscopically visible mucin secretion (IPNB-M and IPNB-NM). Surgically resected 27 consecutive cases with IPNB were divided into IPNB-M (n=10) and IPNB-NM (n=17), and their clinicopathologic features were examined. Clinically, both tumors were similar. Pathologically, the most frequent histopathologic types were pancreatobiliary in IPNB-NM and intestinal in IPNB-M. Various degrees of cytoarchitectural atypia within the same tumor were exhibited in 8 IPNB-M, but only 3 in IPNB-NM. Although the tumor size was similar, 9 IPNB-NM were invasive carcinoma, whereas all but 1 IPNB-M with carcinoma were in situ or minimally invasive. Immunohistochemically, positive MUC2 expression was significantly more frequent in IPNB-M than in IPNB-NM, whereas MUC1 tended to be more frequently expressed in IPNB-NM compared with IPNB-M. Among IPNB-NM with positive MUC1 expression, 3 had negative MUC2 and MUC5AC expressions. These tumors showed a tubulopapillary growth with uniform degree of cytoarchitectural atypia. All IPNB-M were negative for p53, and the frequency of positive p53 protein in IPNB-NM was at the middle level of that in IPNB-M and nonpapillary cholangiocarcinoma. In conclusion, IPNB-M showed striking similarities to IPMN-P, but IPNB-NM contained heterogeneous disease groups.