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Anxiety and depression symptoms in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum: parity differences and effects.
J Affect Disord. 2011 Jul; 132(1-2):146-57.JA

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate both anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum, comparing women and men and first and second-time parents.

METHODS

A sample of 260 Portuguese couples (N=520), first or second-time parents, recruited in an Obstetrics Out-patients Unit, filled in the State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters, childbirth, and 3-months postpartum.

RESULTS

A decrease in anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum was found in both women and men, as well as in first and second-time parents. Men presented less anxiety and depression symptoms than women, but the same pattern of symptoms over time. Second-time parents showed more anxiety and depression symptoms than first-time parents and a different pattern of symptoms over time: an increase in anxiety and depression symptoms from the 3rd trimester to childbirth was observed in first-time parents versus a decrease in second-time parents.

LIMITATIONS

The voluntary nature of the participation may have lead to a selection bias; women and men who agreed to participate could be those who presented fewer anxiety and depression symptoms. Moreover, the use of self-report symptom measures does not give us the level of possible disorder in participants.

CONCLUSIONS

Anxiety and depression symptoms diminish from pregnancy to the postpartum period in all parents. Patterns of anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum are similar in women and men, but somewhat different in first and second-time parents. Second-time parents should also be considered while studying and intervening during pregnancy and the postpartum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Portugal. bbfi@psi.uminho.ptNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21420178

Citation

Figueiredo, Bárbara, and Ana Conde. "Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Women and Men From Early Pregnancy to 3-months Postpartum: Parity Differences and Effects." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 132, no. 1-2, 2011, pp. 146-57.
Figueiredo B, Conde A. Anxiety and depression symptoms in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum: parity differences and effects. J Affect Disord. 2011;132(1-2):146-57.
Figueiredo, B., & Conde, A. (2011). Anxiety and depression symptoms in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum: parity differences and effects. Journal of Affective Disorders, 132(1-2), 146-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.007
Figueiredo B, Conde A. Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Women and Men From Early Pregnancy to 3-months Postpartum: Parity Differences and Effects. J Affect Disord. 2011;132(1-2):146-57. PubMed PMID: 21420178.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anxiety and depression symptoms in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum: parity differences and effects. AU - Figueiredo,Bárbara, AU - Conde,Ana, Y1 - 2011/03/21/ PY - 2010/09/07/received PY - 2011/02/09/revised PY - 2011/02/09/accepted PY - 2011/3/23/entrez PY - 2011/3/23/pubmed PY - 2011/11/2/medline SP - 146 EP - 57 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 132 IS - 1-2 N2 - UNLABELLED: This study aimed to investigate both anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum, comparing women and men and first and second-time parents. METHODS: A sample of 260 Portuguese couples (N=520), first or second-time parents, recruited in an Obstetrics Out-patients Unit, filled in the State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters, childbirth, and 3-months postpartum. RESULTS: A decrease in anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum was found in both women and men, as well as in first and second-time parents. Men presented less anxiety and depression symptoms than women, but the same pattern of symptoms over time. Second-time parents showed more anxiety and depression symptoms than first-time parents and a different pattern of symptoms over time: an increase in anxiety and depression symptoms from the 3rd trimester to childbirth was observed in first-time parents versus a decrease in second-time parents. LIMITATIONS: The voluntary nature of the participation may have lead to a selection bias; women and men who agreed to participate could be those who presented fewer anxiety and depression symptoms. Moreover, the use of self-report symptom measures does not give us the level of possible disorder in participants. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and depression symptoms diminish from pregnancy to the postpartum period in all parents. Patterns of anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum are similar in women and men, but somewhat different in first and second-time parents. Second-time parents should also be considered while studying and intervening during pregnancy and the postpartum. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21420178/Anxiety_and_depression_symptoms_in_women_and_men_from_early_pregnancy_to_3_months_postpartum:_parity_differences_and_effects_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(11)00061-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -