Photodegradation of imidacloprid and fipronil in rice-paddy water.Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2011 May; 86(5):548-53.BE
Photodegradation of insecticides, imidacloprid and fipronil, in rice-paddy water under the ambient temperature was investigated. The initial concentrations were set at 58.8 and 3.1 μg/L for imidacloprid and fipronil, respectively, according to their reported initial concentrations in the rice-paddy field. The half-lives (DT(50)) of imidacloprid and fipronil were 24.2 and 36.7 h, respectively. Fipronil desulfinyl was detected as a major metabolite and fipronil sulfone was found to be a minor metabolite of fipronil in the photodegradation process. Detected mass of fipronil, fipronil desulfinyl, and fipronil sulfone at 79 h were 12.9%, 45.8%, and 5.2% of initial fipronil mass, respectively.